Portfolio Revision (Read After I Grade Essay 2): Below this line is for your fin

Portfolio Revision (Read After I Grade Essay 2):
Below this line is for your final revised Portfolio Version of Essay #2 due near the end of the semester)
Increase your word count to 1500 by including more description and at least one Textual Example from an outside source (library/Internet source). I’ll explain how to do this later in the semester, but here’s the gist of how you’ll cite the source:
Introduce author’s full name and full article name the first time you cite a source
Introduce each quotation/paraphrase (Cisneros argues, acknowledges, adds, admits, agrees, asserts, believes, claims, comments, confirms, contends, declares, illustrates, implies, insists, notes, observes, points out, reasons, reports, suggests, thinks, writes, “ ”). This is called a Signal Phrase.
To quote, use EXACT words from the text (don’t alter them) and place “quotation marks” around these words
To paraphrase, use a reworded, restructured translation of the original quotation (so that the idea is the same, but it looks nothing like the original quotation). Even though you have reworded someone else’s words, you must give the author credit to avoid plagiarism
Include MLA citation to avoid plagiarism. After each quotation/paraphrase, place the writer’s last name and page number in parentheses: “The Carpet-Baggers were greedy crooks” (Wilson 12). Note where the quotations marks end and where the period is located. If you’ve already mentioned the author’s name within the sentence introduction (the Signal Phrase), then omit it in parenthesis (12).
If there is no author bolded right under the title, cite the article name in the text or an abbreviated title name in parentheses followed by an ellipses (three dots separated by periods) w/ quotation marks around the abbreviated title. For example, “We are overworked by eight hours a day” (“Testimony. . . ” 25).
Analyze Textual Examples: After each quotation or paraphrase, perform an analysis: Probe the example in order to explain how it proves the topic sentence. Ask yourself how and why the evidence relates to your topic sentence (and thus your thesis since your thesis is alluded to in your topic sentences). In other words, in order to explain how your example proves your topic sentence, you will need to analyze your examples such as particular words, images, references, and so forth.
For Textual Example Analysis: To perform an analysis of a textual example, examine a quotation’s parts such as word choice, tone, figurative language like personification, similes, and metaphors to show how these support the topic sentence.. You can even look at such whole story elements as the title of the story, the main idea/purpose of the story, the structure of the story if these elements help improve our understanding of why you’ve included the example in your paragraph. An analysis can also include inferences (assumptions, interpretations, conclusions, deductions, etc.).
When you make inferences, what was implicit becomes explicit. What can you assume from the analysis of the quotation? This is also where you draw conclusions about an example based on your own store of experience and information. You can bring in descriptive personal or hypothetical examples or bring in observational examples [like current events, widely agreed upon facts/statistics, etc.]). Also, what can you assume about the creator’s background and biases (like presenting one person more favorably than another). Here you are evaluating the strength of the writer’s argument based on the analysis. Is the writer’s evidence strong? What makes his or her examples strong or weak? Is it one-sided? Can you make any assumptions about the writer based on the answers to these questions?
Your analysis can also include research findings that contradict the evidence you provide (quoting authorities who disagree with you) so that your argument has fairly represented and critiqued the opposition’s views.
Optional Formal Outline
A “Works Cited” page is required and should not be a separate document (it’s just the last page of your essay). This is an alphabetical listing of sources from which you quoted. It is the last page of your essay. It does not count towards your word count. For directions on the Fall 2016 and beyond way to create a Works Cited list, go to the menu to the left and click on “MLA” for either the power point or the .pdf. Or you can go to Learning Assignment 5’s Course Notes.
Works Cited (double spaced)
Author’s last name, First. “Article Name.” Book from Which Article Came. Editor’s First and Last name, edition. city, publisher, latest year, pages of specific article listed after pp.
Textual Evidence Tips:
Ellipses: use an ellipses . . . (three periods with spaces in between) when omitting information in a quotation, but be sure sentence is still grammatically sound.
Brackets: use brackets [ ] when adding or changing information within quotations. For example, “They [the KKK] took the law into their own hands” (Wilson 13). If there is a grammatical error in the sentences you are quoting, you can place [sic] right after the problem to indicate it is the original text that is incorrect not your quoting of it.
Quoting Quotation Marks: If you would like to place a sentence or word in your essay that already has quotation marks around it, you need to convert those double quotation marks that are present in the textbook into single quotation marks. For example: Wilson contends, “These men, mere ‘carpet baggers’. . . became the new masters of the blacks” (Wilson 12).
Also, make sure your quotation marks are facing the right direction (“‘ ’ ”).
4. Quoting Passages Over Four Lines: If in your essay a quotation is over four lines, indent the whole quotation two tabs (10 characters) from the left hand side of the page and do not add quotation marks to the quotation. The indent takes the place of quotation marks. Only place a period directed after the quotation but before the source in parentheses. This is only for longer quotations. It is preferable to break up most quotations so that they do not go over four lines. If reasonable, analyze the long passage in smaller sections. In other words, break up long quotations by interjecting your comments between each quotation.

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