DATA ANALYSIS AND REPORTING OF RESULTS
Based on the data set (data set attached, charts attacched) provide the following information. (2 pages maximum, 12 point font, single spaced)
(please read the draft below( you can edit, add, delete, or start over) Also read the examples, use the charts i attached to suppoet your answer
· Are there any interventions that you would recommend to help improve the nutritional status of the participants in the data set?
· Please provide support for your answer. Please make sure that there is a link between the results of this study and the literature.
· Provide bibliography of the literature cited
· Description of assessment methods provided.
Presentation of results
· Results summarized in easy-to-follow tables
· Results coherently described in text (should not exceed 2 pages)
Analysis and Results
· Data analysis conducted and correct answers to above questions
· Discussion section addresses the results
· Demonstrates knowledge of existing literature
· Coherent and easy to read
· Discussion section should not exceed 3 pages.
Citation and References
· Provides all required citations
· Follows the APA citation format
· Provides all references
· Follows the APA reference format
Nutrition is an aspect that plays an integral role in health and development. Better nutrition is connected with improved infant development, child and maternal wellbeing, more grounded immunity, more secure pregnancy and labor, lower chance of non-transmittable infection, and life span in the long run. It includes the analysis of anthropometric, biochemical (lab), clinical, and dietary information. Distinctly, nutrition determines some of the most important aspects of the human body, such as Age, BMI, percent body fat, body density, and waist-hip ratio, among many others (Barker et al., 2018 pg. 1856). All these aspects have different methods of estimation that provide data that is analyzed to help the nutrition of individuals remain outstanding and help out those who have nutrition-related complications.
To ascertain the various nutritional statuses of the individuals who participated in this assessment, individual data cutting such as metabolic rate, BMI categories, and waist circumferences were obtained from each participant. Their metabolic rates were measured using the WHO equation, whereby each data set was handled separately. The Body Mass Index (BMI) for participants was calculated whereby the weight of each individual was divided by their height in meters squared (kg/m2). Physical activity statuses and ethnicity/race of both male and female students were recorded as self-assessed measurements. These measurements were categorized into different specifications.
The average of 63.7% of individuals participating in daily vigorous physical operation was based on physical activity. The BMIs of the male individual involved in daily activity was a mean of 25.6934kg/m2. This shows that many males were at a healthy weight that involved in physical activity. The mean for females was 24.099kg/m2, according to the sample that I derived from the data. Since both genders were almost in the same age group, it can be concluded that both genders are actively involved in physical activity since they have almost the same BMI.
Percent of males taking part in physical activity
Percent of females taking part in physical activity
Table1. Percentage of every gender’s physical activity level
The individuals who neither participated in vigorous nor moderate activity had a mean BMI of 18.75 (n=8), those who participated in moderate activity had a mean BMI of 1.14 (n=132), and the people that participated in vigorous physical activity on daily bases had a mean BMI of 2.05(n=73).
Based on a balanced diet the is high consumption of sodium, ranging from 1732.60 to 12214.69 in total. The table below will demonstrate the range and average sodium intake in each Body Mass Index group, showing the connection between sodium and BMI in the population. People in BMI populations were obese, the BMI was high in both genders.
The results show a correlation between mean group sodium intake (nutrition) and the BMI category of people and the relation of physical activity rates with BMI participants. There were negligible differences between male and female subjects in BMI values, physical activity levels, and sodium intakes. The first indicator that physical activity has a positive effect on the well-being of individuals is that different groups of individuals participate in various physical activities, either vigorous or moderate (Salam et al., 2019 pg. 5). Persons who did not engage in any form of physical activity had a BMI of about 18.75 kg/m2. It is an aspect that supports the supposition that those individuals who engaged in daily physical activity had lower BMI values than the others.
Individuals that failed to participate in any form of physical operation had a BMI that was assumed to be high. Those who participated in physical activity seem to have lower BMI values. The average daily consumption of the food consisting of sodium elements seems to be over 3202 g consumption among the individuals involved in the study (Martín, et al., 2018 pg. 740). This is a high consumption rate that may induce deficiency disease. Therefore, precautions should be taken on which food should be consumed. The individuals based on the study consume mostly food composed of sodium elements. Therefore, it is advisable to avoid such products with such high sodium elements to avoid deficiency diseases that are less likely to be treated.
There are interventions that I can recommend to improve the nutritional status of the participants. Food fortification is one of these interventions, and it has a significant impact on the participants (Hernández, Gómez & Morillas-Ruiz, 2019 pg. 2). If one of the participants had a severe need for urgent nutritional intervention, increasing the proportion of particularly one or a few micronutrients present in a meal/food deliberately will mitigate the chances of the condition in question deteriorating either in the short or long run. Additionally, behavioral and regulatory aspect is other interventions that I can recommend.
Barker, M., Dombrowski, S. U., Colbourn, T., Fall, C. H., Kriznik, N. M., Lawrence, W. T., … & Stephenson, J. (2018). Intervention strategies to improve nutrition and health behaviours before conception. The Lancet, 391(10132), 1853-1864.
Hernández Morante, J. J., Gómez Martínez, C., & Morillas-Ruiz, J. M. (2019). Dietary factors associated with frailty in old adults: a review of nutritional interventions to prevent frailty development. Nutrients, 11(1), 102.
Martín, A., Ortega, O., Roca, M., Arús, M., & Clavé Civit, P. (2018). Effect of a minimal-massive intervention in hospitalized older patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia: a proof of concept study. The journal of nutrition, health & aging, 22(6), 739-747.
Salam, R. A., Hooda, M., Das, J. K., Arshad, A., Lassi, Z. S., Middleton, P., & Bhutta, Z. A. (2016). Interventions to improve adolescent nutrition: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(4), S29-S39.
DATA ANALYSIS AND REPORTING OF RESULTS