To get full credit for this assignment, you will need to complete two parts:

1) post an original news article to the discussion board

2) write an APA style 2-3 page paper detailing what statistics you think are used in the article.

……

Please see the instruction file for the full instruction

# Category: Mathematics and Statistics : Statistics

## This assignment is a major grade so please do not ignore it. It will have a majo

This assignment is a major grade so please do not ignore it. It will have a major impact on your grade if you do not complete it.! I want to see what you can do in terms of research, application, deduction and analysis. I will have a check in with you all sometime this week.. SPSS Required Project: For this project you are required to use your SPSS for Dummies 3rd ed textbook (the book has been provided for you in Canvas). For this project you are required to run a continuous dependent and categorical independent variable analysis. Inferential statistics allows you to infer the results from a sample on which you have data and apply it to a population and the sample represents. Understanding how to make an inference from a sample to a population is the basis of inferential statistics. This allows you to reach conclusions about the population without the needs to study every single individual. ————————————————————————— SPSS for Dummies PDF Text Needed for Assignment Click link below: SPSS For Dummies Textbook 3rd ed(1).pdf ——————————————————————————- Instructions: *Step 1: page 253 is chapter 15 in pdf You will need to actually do this work within SPSS. The link to access SPSS is at the bottom of this message. SPSS does not work on Cell phones and it is preferred that you use a PC and not a MAC! You can use a MAC, however it may be a bit challenging. However, it can be done!!! Upon completion of the SPSS assignment in SPSS you need to go to step 2 SPSS PDF Attachment Below: SPSS For Dummies Textbook 3rd ed(1).pdf Step 2 *Use SPSS to answer the research question you constructed from the dataset that is given (employment, salary & educational level.) You will need to create a research question based on the Data Set (employment, salary & educational level) Step 3: *Write an analysis in APA format, including title page, references, and an appendix, that includes your data output (SPSS Results) and addresses each of the tasks listed below. *The content should be 2–3 pages, including setup of the assignment, results, and interpretation of results. Step 4: Your data results that I need to see *Your SPSS output (results) should be included as an appendix (in the back).

## *Step 1:Start at chapter 15, page 342 and follow the prompts through page 370 (I

*Step 1:Start at chapter 15, page 342 and follow the prompts through page 370 (In the SPSS for Dummies text book)

You will need to actually do this work within SPSS. The link to access SPSS is at the bottom of this message. SPSS does not work on Cell phones and it is preferred that you use a PC and not a MAC!

You can use a MAC, however it may be a bit challenging. However, it can be done!!!

Upon completion of the SPSS assignment in SPSS you need to go to step 2

SPSS PDF Attachment Below:

SPSS For Dummies Textbook 3rd ed(1).pdf Download SPSS For Dummies Textbook 3rd ed(1).pdf

Step 2 *Use SPSS to answer the research question you constructed from the dataset that is given (employment, salary & educational level.) You will need to create a research question based on the Data Set (employment, salary & educational level)

Step 3: *Write an analysis in APA format, including title page, references, and an appendix, that includes your data output (SPSS Results) and addresses each of the tasks listed below.

*The content should be 2–3 pages, including setup of the assignment, results, and interpretation of results.

Step 4: Your data results that I need to see *Your SPSS output (results) should be included as an appendix (in the back).

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

*The hyperlink below will help guide you how to write your continuous dependent and categorical independent variables results in APA 7th edition format. (Look at pages 1 – 27 within the Power Point) and follow the instructions to write up your results.

You will also need to read within your Stats book and do some research in order to complete this assignment.

Please also use You Tube as it is a valuable source for information.

https://www.slideshare.net/plummer48/reporting-an-independent-sample-t-test (Links to an external site.)

Step 5:

You will need to answer all of the following questions within your project below

What is the null hypothesis for your question?

What research design(s) would align with this question?

What dependent variable was used and how is it measured?

What independent variable is used and how is it measured?

What is your covariate?

What is the answer to your research question?

What are the possible implications of social change?

Students I need for you to start working on your assignment early here are the directions for your SPSS Project. The project will is due on Monday April 19 by 11:58 p.m.

I will not accept ANY LATE ASSIGNMENTS! NO MATTER WHAT THE ISSUE IS!!

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What you will need to submit under the SPSS Project Tab:

1. Your title page

2.Your Research Question

3. Your SPSS data output to the data of: Employment, Salary & Educational Level

4.You will need to answer all of the following questions within your project below

a. What is the null hypothesis for your question?

b. What research design(s) would align with this question?

c. What dependent variable was used and how is it measured?

d. What independent variable is used and how is it measured?

e. What is your covariate?

f. What is the answer to your research question?

g. What are the possible implications of social change?

h. Please only submit one file only..

i. All of this needs to be in an APA paper. Please only use the “Student Version” An example is below:

## Make sure that it includes the “Discussion” section of the final project and inc

Make sure that it includes the “Discussion” section of the final project and incorporates feedback on the “Introduction” and “Analysis” sections (submitted for Milestones One and Two).

Draft the “Discussion” section of your final project. Address the following critical elements:

Assess the implications of the study. For example, what surprised you or struck you as interesting? What wider relevance or meaning do you draw from

this study?

Evaluate the extent to which this study applied the principles of a well-designed experiment. In other words, was the specific methodology used sound?

For example, did they employ proper sampling in their research design?

Identify opportunities for future research based on findings from this study. In other words, what related questions remain unanswered? How could

those questions be addressed?

Finally, be sure to incorporate any feedback that you received from your first and second milestones into the “Introduction” and “Analysis” sections and submit

them along with the “Discussion” section.

## Balancing the Risks of Errors in Hypothesis Testing The U.S. FDA is responsible

Balancing the Risks of Errors in Hypothesis Testing

The U.S. FDA is responsible for approving new drugs. Many consumer groups feel that the approval process is too easy and, therefore, too many drugs are approved that are later found to be unsafe. On the other hand, a number of industry lobbyists have pushed for a more lenient approval process so that pharmaceutical companies can get new drugs approved more easily and quickly. This is from an article in the Wall Street Journal. Consider a null hypothesis that a new, unapproved drug is unsafe and an alternative hypothesis that a new, unapproved drug is safe.

a) Explain the risks of committing a Type 1 or Type 2 error.

b) Which type of error is the consumer group trying to avoid?

c) Which type of error is the industry lobbyists trying to avoid?

d) How would it be possible to lower the chances of both Type 1 and 2 errors?

Think about the recent vaccinations developed for Covid in record time. Do you recall reading about the items above and are they important?

## Reply to two of your peers. Minimum of one paragraph per response. In your resp

Reply to two of your peers. Minimum of one paragraph per response.

In your response posts, discuss the implications of the improper sampling examples posted by your peers. For example, what sorts of incorrect conclusions could you draw from the investigations? How would you correct the sampling errors in the examples? Try to draw connections to your final project research article: is there any room for improvement of the sampling methodology?

In your initial post, consider what you have read in the assigned Chapter 2 sections of the textbook and identify your own example of improper sampling from your day-to-day life (try not to repeat examples shared by your peers). Be sure to provide the sampling method used, why the sampling method is improper, what type of sampling should have been used, and why.

## Scenario You have been hired by the Regional Real Estate Company to help them an

Scenario

You have been hired by the Regional Real Estate Company to help them analyze real estate data. One of the company’s Pacific region salespeople just returned to the office with a newly designed advertisement. It states that the average cost per square foot of his home sales is above the average cost per square foot in the Pacific region. He wants you to make sure he can make that statement before approving the use of the advertisement. The average cost per square foot of his home sales is $275. In order to test his claim, you collect a sample of 1,001 home sales for the Pacific region.

Prompt

Design a hypothesis test and interpret the results using significance level α = .05.

Use the House Listing Price by Region document to help support your work on this assignment. You may also use the Descriptive Statistics in Excel and Creating Histograms in Excel tutorials for support.

Specifically, you must address the following rubric criteria, using the Module Five Assignment Template.

Setup: Define your population parameter, including hypothesis statements, and specify the appropriate test.

Define your population parameter.

Write the null and alternative hypotheses. Note: Remember, the salesperson believes that his sales are higher.

Specify the name of the test you will use.

Identify whether it is a left-tailed, right-tailed, or two-tailed test.

Identify your significance level.

Data Analysis Preparations: Describe sample summary statistics, provide a histogram and summary, check assumptions, and find the test statistic and significance level.

Provide the descriptive statistics (sample size, mean, median, and standard deviation).

Provide a histogram of your sample.

Describe your sample by writing a sentence describing the shape, center, and spread of your sample.

Determine whether the conditions to perform your identified test have been met.

Calculations: Calculate the p value, describe the p value and test statistic in regard to the normal curve graph, discuss how the p value relates to the significance level, and compare the p value to the significance level to reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.

Determine the appropriate test statistic, then calculate the test statistic.

Note: This calculation is (mean – target)/standard error. In this case, the mean is your regional mean (Pacific), and the target is 275.

Calculate the p value.

Note: For right-tailed, use the T.DIST.RT function in Excel, left-tailed is the T.DIST function, and two-tailed is the T.DIST.2T function. The degree of freedom is calculated by subtracting 1 from your sample size.

Choose your test from the following:

=T.DIST.RT([test statistic], [degree of freedom])

=T.DIST([test statistic], [degree of freedom], 1)

=T.DIST.2T([test statistic], [degree of freedom])

Using the normal curve graph as a reference, describe where the p value and test statistic would be placed.

Test Decision: Discuss the relationship between the p value and the significance level, including a comparison between the two, and decide to reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.

Discuss how the p value relates to the significance level.

Compare the p value and significance level, and make a decision to reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.

Conclusion: Discuss how your test relates to the hypothesis and discuss the statistical significance.

Explain in one paragraph how your test decision relates to your hypothesis and whether your conclusions are statistically significant.

Guidelines for Submission

Submit the completed Module Five Assignment Template as a Word document that includes your response and supportive charts.

## Assignment #2: Descriptive Statistics Analysis and Writeup Assignment #2: Descri

Assignment #2: Descriptive Statistics Analysis and Writeup Assignment #2: Descriptive Statistics Analysis and Writeup In the first assignment (Assignment #1: Descriptive Statistics Analysis Data Plan), you developed a scenario about annual household expenditures and a plan for analyzing the data using descriptive statistic methods. The purpose of this assignment is to carry out the descriptive statistics analysis plan and write up the results. The expected outcome of this assignment is a two to three-page write-up of the findings from your analysis as well as a recommendation. NOTE: You will use the data set provided.

## Assignment #2: Descriptive Statistics Analysis and Writeup Assignment #2: Descri

Assignment #2: Descriptive Statistics Analysis and Writeup

Assignment #2: Descriptive Statistics Analysis and Writeup

In the first assignment (Assignment #1: Descriptive Statistics Analysis Data Plan), you developed

a scenario about annual household expenditures and a plan for analyzing the data using

descriptive statistic methods. The purpose of this assignment is to carry out the descriptive

statistics analysis plan and write up the results. The expected outcome of this assignment is a

two to three page write-up of the findings from your analysis as well as a recommendation.

NOTE: You will use the same data set provided.

## Suppose you are designing and conducting a poll to see which of the Congressiona

Suppose you are designing and conducting a poll to see which of the Congressional candidates are popular in your area. Use the terminology and concepts that we are learning in Lesson 1 – population, sample, sampling methods, representative sample, and presentation of data….

Discuss the following in your own words :

the population that you are trying to predict,

where and how are you selecting your sample,

what sampling method would you use,

how would you assure that you are selecting a representative sample, and show an example of how you would present your data.