Bureaucratic pathology Answer the following two (2) questions in paragraph format. This is not an essay so you do not need a thesis, introduction, conclusion, but must use complete sentences in your response (i.e. no bullet points).  (3 paragraphs).  Each answer is worth 5% of the final take home test (5% x 2 = 10%)

Provide short definitions for five (5) of the following ten (10) terms.  Outline the key components of each term and outline its significance for the study of public administration when composing your answer (4 sentences).
•    Patronage
•    Merit
•    Representative bureaucracy
•    Collective bargaining
•    Separation of politics and management
•    NPM
•    participatory management
•    Conflict of interest
•    Moonlighting
•    Bureaucratic pathology
Answer the following two (2) questions in paragraph format. This is not an essay so you do not need a thesis, introduction, conclusion, but must use complete sentences in your response (i.e. no bullet points).  (3 paragraphs).  Each answer is worth 5% of the final take home test (5% x 2 = 10%)
1.    Outline the limitations related to Codes of Ethics in the public service. Are you convinced that Codes of Ethics are valuable? Why?
2.    Of the following four characteristics that Dr. Mark Jarvis outlines as representing a high-functioning public service (1. Innovation; 2. Collaboration; 3. Evidence-informed analysis; 4. Transparency), which one is most urgent requiring reform? Why?

Week 3 Assignment – The Role of IGOs in Global Civil Society Overview IGOs are m

Week 3 Assignment – The Role of IGOs in Global Civil Society
Overview
IGOs are made up of member governments, and they may be global, regional, or issue focused. An IGO focusses on goals and policies aligned with its mission. In this assignment, you will examine IGOs, their formation, their functions, their differences from NGOs, and their effectiveness.
Instructions
Write a 3–4 page paper about the following:
Define IGOs and NGOs. Compare their roles in global civil society.
Explain why IGOs that are formed by treaties are more advantageous and effective than a grouping of sovereign nations. Provide examples.
IGOs also serve several basic functions that enhance cooperation. Choose two of the following IGOs and discuss their functions. Explore their role in international policymaking.
United Nations.
Organization of American States.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
World Health Organization.
Describe three examples where IGOs have become increasingly prominent. Include examples such as facilitating conflict resolution between states, handling human rights violations, and dealing with impossible dilemmas where there is no positive outcome or no solution within conflicting states.
Use at least four (two government and two peer-reviewed scholarly) sources to support your writing. For this assignment, government resources may include resources from an IGO. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate. Cite each source listed on your source page at least one time within your assignment. For help with research, writing, and citation, access the library or review library guides.

You are the AIGA for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

You are the AIGA for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).  Due to concerns raised by citizens of a large urban city, you plan to announce an audit of.  The citizens inform you that when they ask city officials about the status of CDBG funds and projects, city officials cannot or will not provide any information.
The citizens also inform you that projects are languishing with no visible progress, government inspectors are nowhere to be found, and conflicts of interest may exist between contractors and government employees.  Further, HUD officials informed you that 30 percent of the grant funds provided the city were not being used or encumbered for needed development.
You are aware that CDBG funds can be used for various activities, which for example, include (1) acquisition of real property, (2) construction and improvements (3) clearance, demolition and removal of buildings and (4) payments to housing owners for losses of rental income.
Write the audit objectives for this engagement that you will announce to the mayor of the city.
What type of background information will you gather and why, prior to starting your field work?
Write an audit plan that identifies the areas you will audit and detailed audit steps by area to be performed by the audit team

Learning Activity: Monitoring Observed Policy Outcomes After viewing this week’s

Learning Activity: Monitoring Observed Policy Outcomes
After viewing this week’s presentations and completing the reading assignments, each student is to write their own Discussion Board (DB) question on the topic of policy analysis and assembling evidence based on the readings and course content. Then, provide a comprehensive, well-reasoned and evidence-based response to your own prompt in 250–500 words. You will submit your response as a paper assignment.
Remember that the response must be thoughtful and comprehensive, citing outside sources as supporting evidence (details, sensible approach) and the writing represents Strayer Writing Standards and style in tone, clarity, citations and stylistic points.

Week 5 Assignment – Evaluation of Agency’s Public Personnel Administration Prepa

Week 5 Assignment – Evaluation of Agency’s Public Personnel Administration
Preparation
Scenario for Assignments
Please note, the assignments in this course build upon one another.
For these assignments, you will take on the role of a consultant for a government agency. Your consulting firm has been asked by the agency to conduct research, compile a report, and provide recommendations for improvement of their personnel management system. The first role of the consultant is to become familiar with the agency and its departments. You will develop the assignment in four parts, submitting each to your supervisor (your professor) who will review and grade your efforts.
Week 3: Rationale and Analysis for Agency Selected.
Week 5: Evaluation of Agency’s Public Personnel Administration.
Week 7: Agency’s Law and Ethics of Hiring a Diverse Workforce.
Week 10: Analysis of the Agency’s Policies, Procedures, and Plans – Unions, Privatization, Pensions, and Productivity.
In this assignment, you will continue to research the agency you selected for the Week 3 assignment.
Instructions
Write a 4–5 page paper titled, “Evaluation of Agency’s Public Personnel Administration,” in which you:
Analyze the organizational design of the selected agency’s human resource management (HRM) in relationship to the entire organization. Assess its strengths and weaknesses (title this section “Organizational Design”).
Analyze at least three of the major components of the agency’s human resource system’s goals and practices regarding the recruitment and hiring of a qualified workforce (title this section “Personnel Recruitment and Hiring Practices”).
Evaluate the agency’s approach to training and programs provided for new and existing employees for the development of knowledge, skills, and overall competencies, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses (title this section “Employee Skills Training”).
Recommend at least two actions the agency could take to improve in the areas of recruiting and training a qualified workforce (title this section “Recruiting and Training Recommendations”).
Appropriately incorporate at least four quality sources. A quality source can be either popular, such as a news article, or scholarly, such as peer-reviewed works. In the case of public administration, government websites are appropriate quality resources. Note: Wikipedia, SparkNotes, and similar websites do not qualify as academic resources. Use the Strayer University Online Library to conduct research.

Using the Stakeholder Analysis Assignment Template [DOCX], write a 4–5 page pape

Using the Stakeholder Analysis Assignment Template [DOCX], write a 4–5 page paper in which you:
Select a local, state, or national public policy that is relevant today in the local, regional, or national news
Examples:
Local: community or urban growth (examples: results of rezoning, reuse of public structures, closed down school/public buildings that will convert to private business enterprise).
State: Private land converted to public spaces (examples: airports, road, or highway usage).
Federal: Gun policy, drug policy, immigration (examples: effects on jobs, background checks, cultural changes in communities).
Identify how the policy was formulated from a historical standpoint and identify which stakeholders were involved in the process.
Appraise the position whether the policy creates a benefit for one group (or stakeholder) while other groups experience disadvantages or negative challenges because of public policy implementation.
Appropriately incorporate at least three quality sources. A quality source can be either grey literature, such as a news article, or scholarly, such as peer-reviewed works. In the case of public administration, government websites are appropriate quality resources.
Use the Stakeholder Analysis Assignment Template [DOCX].

Week 5 Assignment – Op-Ed – Global Influences and Local Policies Overview As the

Week 5 Assignment – Op-Ed – Global Influences and Local Policies
Overview
As the world experiences increasing ties through migration, communications, trade, and cultural contacts, global issues frequently become local ones. The COVID-19 pandemic is a good example of a worldwide crisis that has required local and state governmental authorities to make policies in response, from mask requirements to business closures to online school. Local responses to global issues may be centered on economics, politics, or cultural identity, and local policies may draw both support and opposition from local residents. In this assignment, you will play the role of a citizen responding to the local impacts of a global issue by writing an opinion-editorial (op-ed) piece to the local press.
Scenario
Imagine your local area is experiencing changes resulting from a global influence. As a result, it will be up to a local authority to respond by making a new policy. In an op-ed, identify the issue facing the local area, the policy proposal to address it, and the local governing body you are trying to influence (schoolboard, city council, county board of commissioners, or other as appropriate) through your op-ed.
You may select an issue and a policy proposal on your own or use the Hamilton Project website to select a policy proposal. Go to The Hamilton Project: Papers web page and use the second (All Topics) and third (All Paper Types) drop-down menus to filter for a topic and a policy proposal. Select a policy proposal that you will pretend is being proposed in your local area to address a challenge related to a global influence. Write your op-ed either for or against the policy proposal you select.
Instructions
Your op-ed should be 3–4 pages and cover the following:
Briefly explain the issue. Include how the issue arose from global influences or interactions and examples of its effects in the local community.
Summarize the policy to address these concerns. The policy must be something that can be accomplished by the local authority.
Argue in favor of the policy, and address opposing viewpoints, using references from research to support your arguments.
Use four sources to support your writing. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate. Cite each source listed on your source page at least one time within your assignment. For help with research, writing, and citation, access the library or review library guides.

FIND AT LEAST 3 SUCH CASES ONLINE, ANALYZ AND DISCUSS THEM, AND PREPARE AN EMPLO

FIND AT LEAST 3 SUCH CASES ONLINE, ANALYZ AND DISCUSS THEM, AND PREPARE AN EMPLOYEE BILL OF RIGHTS TO TRY TO AVOID OR LESSEN FUTURE LITIGATION AGAINST YOUR COMPANY, WHICH WITH LEGAL FEES ALONE CAN COST HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS.
PROVIDE THE NAMES OF THE CASES YOU USE, AND THE RATIONALE AND HOLDINGS IN EACH CASE.
MEMORIALIZE WHAT YOU LEARN FROM THESE CASES INTO A SAMPLE EMPLOYEE HANDBOOK.
USE The book is fundamentals of human resource management: people, data, and analytics 2019 ISBN: 9781544397269 for evidence
see file attached for assignment details also use files attached for evidence, you can look for any three cases you want.

1. answer the questions below in essay format. 2.use all SIX sources and cite

1. answer the questions below in essay format.
2.use all SIX sources and cite
3. week 8 reading for question 3 is the Ethical Perspective
the other two articles you’ll use for question 3 is Managerial Responsibility, and Responsibility in Public Administration Ethics
4. You can use the other 3 articles for questions 1 and 2.

Week 7 Assignment – Agency’s Law and Ethics of Hiring a Diverse Workforce Prepar

Week 7 Assignment – Agency’s Law and Ethics of Hiring a Diverse Workforce
Preparation
Scenario for Assignments
Please note, the assignments in this course build upon one another.
For these assignments, you will take on the role of a consultant for a government agency. Your consulting firm has been asked by the agency to conduct research, compile a report, and provide recommendations for improvement of their personnel management system. The first role of the consultant is to become familiar with the agency and its departments. You will develop the assignment in four parts, submitting each to your supervisor (your professor) who will review and grade your efforts.
Week 3: Rationale and Analysis for Agency Selected.
Week 5: Evaluation of Agency’s Public Personnel Administration.
Week 7: Agency’s Law and Ethics of Hiring a Diverse Workforce.
Week 10: Analysis of the Agency’s Policies, Procedures, and Plans – Unions, Privatization, Pensions, and Productivity.
In this assignment, you will continue to research the agency you selected for the Week 3 assignment.
Instructions
Write a 4–6 page paper, titled “Agency’s Law and Ethics of Hiring a Diverse Workforce,” in which you:
Analyze at least two laws or two court decisions that have implications for the agency’s personnel management (title this section “Laws Affecting the Agency”).
Evaluate the agency’s approach to diversity issues, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses (title this section “Personnel Recruitment and Hiring Practices”).
Evaluate the agency’s approach to ethics and diversity training programs provided for new and existing employees, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses (title this section “Ethics and Diversity Training”).
Recommend at least two actions the agency could take to improve in the areas of recruiting and training a diversified workforce (title this section “Recommendations for Recruiting and Training a Diversified Workforce”).
Appropriately incorporate at least four quality sources. A quality source can be either popular, such as a news article, or scholarly, such as peer-reviewed works. In the case of public administration, government websites are appropriate quality resources. Note: Wikipedia, SparkNotes, and similar websites do not qualify as academic resources. Use the Strayer University Online Library to conduct research.