Assignment #2 No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper. Res

Assignment #2
No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper.
Resources should be summarized or paraphrased with appropriate in-text and Resource page
1. Explain what a search warrant is, why it is necessary, and how it it used to obtain digital evidence.
2. From the following list choose 3 digital items that would hold data.
List: Cellphone, Laptop, USB memory stick, Plug and Display Docking Station, Game System, Keyboard, Desktop Computer system, Monitor, External Hard drive
For each item:
Describe the item and explain what potential use the item would be within an investigation (e.g., what type of data that item might hold and where it may be stored on the device, and why the data may be important)
How would you package the items, each individually as evidence being specific as to the materials used and the process of documentation. With each, describe the steps that would be taken to collect the items (with emphasis on the care and handling, and packaging of each item consistent with digital forensic best practices described in the module content/weekly readings) at the scene. You should document these steps in a detailed way that will mitigate questions, concerns, or a basic lack of information that will call your processes into question in court.
3. What are the differences in acquisition of data from a live (turned on) system, compared to one that not on (turned off) at the time you encounter it.
Format Requirements
Paper must be double spaced, 11 or 12 pt font and 1” margins all around.
All APA 7th edition format requirements must be followed (cover page, in text citations, reference page). Refer to APA/UMGC – learning resources found in the content page of this course.
You must have resources to support your thoughts/opinions/information.  These must be cited both in text as well as at the end of the document. Your paper should not contain direct quotes, sourced material must be paraphrased.

In a separate Word document, provide a proper citation (use APA 7th edition guid

In a separate Word document, provide a proper citation (use APA 7th edition guidelines) followed by a 150-200 word discussion of the main topic and major finding(s). Include in your summary a brief discussion of what you found most interesting about the research conducted. See the How to Read a Research Article handout (found under WEEK 1) to assist you in completing this assignment.
Use Times New Roman 12-point font. Your assignment should be double spaced with standard 1-inch margins. Proofread for grammar, mechanics, sentence structure, organization, etc.

Create a 6–8 slide PowerPoint presentation with audio narration and speaker note

Create a 6–8 slide PowerPoint presentation with audio narration and speaker notes.
In the presentation:
Describe and explain each of the following five core operational strategies (one strategy for each slide):
Preventative patrol
Routine incident response
Emergency response
Criminal investigation
Problem-solving
Describe and explain one ancillary operational strategy such as support services.
Explain how law enforcement agencies utilize operational strategies Use at least two credible sources beyond the text material, including one from the Library and one from a credible online resource, and discuss how you evaluated the credibility of the resources used. achieve crime-fighting goals.
Directions:
Your 6–8 slide requirement is excluding your title, introduction, and reference slides.
Use one basic slide design and layout.
Text large enough to be read by your audience (font size 20–34 point).
Limit slides to between 6–8 lines of content.
You may use pictures, charts, and graphs to supplement your material as long as they do not take up the entire slide.
Use bullets for your main points.
Use speaker notes to fully explain what is being discussed in the bullet points as though you are presenting to an audience, and be sure to follow the Standard English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.).
Must include narration. You will use the speaker notes for each slide’s narration.
No more than 10 minutes in length.
Viewpoint and purpose should be clearly established and sustained.
The presentation should be well ordered, logical and unified, as well as original and insightful.
Your work should display superior content, organization, style, and mechanics.
An appropriate citation style should be followed.
You should also make sure to:
Use examples to support your discussion.
Cite all sources on a separate reference slide at the end of your PowerPoint and reference and cite within the body of the presentation using APA format and citation style. For more information on APA guidelines, visit Academic Tools.

Go to https://www.thebalancecareers.com/top-ways-to-retain-your-great-employees-

Go to
https://www.thebalancecareers.com/top-ways-to-retain-your-great-employees-1919038
Read the article Top 10 Ways to Retain Your Great Employees (two pages).  Read these ten ways that are recommended.  Try to relate to the ten ways as if you were a jail supervisor and were supervising a group of corrections officers.  Write a paper on the list the activities you would undertake to improve retention. 
*Due date is 10/22/2021 by midnight*
Paper must be double spaced, size 12-fonts, and at least 1-2 pp in length
Use sandwich technique (Introduction-Content-Conclusion)
Paper is graded as follows:  Length (10 pts), Introductory paragraph (10 pts), Content (Did you prove in this paper what you said you were writing about in the introduction-20 pts), Conclusion (10pts )

Note all the required reading and video is is attached in the file please read a

Note all the required reading and video is is attached in the file please read and than answer those questions no plagiarism please and use essay English
Also there two different assignment please make sure u mark them as two when u done
204
Assignments one
Answer to two of the following questions
What is disproportionate minority contact and why does it happen?
What are some reasons why youth (mostly males) join gangs?
What are some reasons why female youth join gangs?
Do males or females experience more mental and emotional problems while in custody?
Why do the authors think the Minority Youth Transition Program is successful?
Assignment 2
Punished: Dreams Deferred
This is the first chapter from Rios’ book, “Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys.” Here, the author describes his ethnographic approach. He spent three years observing and interviewing in depth about 40 minority youth from impoverished neighborhoods in Oakland, California. Having been a gang member before getting out and enrolling in college, Rios was able to gain the trust of youth he observed for a long period of time. He was able to see how these minority kids were treated by the police and by many institutions that were supposed to help them. He finds that many of these kids report negative experiences with many social institutions. Why? Here are some guidelines.
Why do many minority youth report negative experiences with the police?
Why do schools push out/expel victimized kids?
The author says that his ethnography focuses on the voices of minority boys. It excludes the voices of women and of people in positions of power. Why?
Why is the chapter titled “Dreams Deferred?”
Lecture Reading 6. Hanser. Multiculturalism and the Criminal Justice System: Juvenile Offending and Gang Affiliation
Picture of it Is one the file
PowerPoint 6 – Multiculturalism: Offending and Gangs
Picture of it on the file
Supplementary Material 6. Rios. Punished: Dreams Deferred
Picture of it on the file

Read that’s text book And than answer those questions. Textbook: Kanovitz, J.

Read that’s text book
And than answer those questions.
Textbook:
Kanovitz, J. R. (2015). Constitutional Law for Criminal Justice. Routledge (15th Edition). ISBN-13: 978-1138601819
Answer each question utilizing your notes and book.  Please submit the answers in complete sentences and provide Supreme Court cases covered in your notes to support your answers.
1. After reading Chapter 1, a)why were the framers of the constitution apprehensive of centralized power? b) How does our constitution divide our powers, specifically into what 3 branches of government? c) What are the powers of each branch? ()
2. List the freedoms that are protected by the 1st amendment. ()
3. List at least 2 categories that are excluded from 1st amendment protections? ()
4. A writer prints false stories about the local mayor and accuses him of false accusations of corruption.  The mayor decides to press charges on the writer for libel.  The writer claims he has freedom to write whatever he wants in the paper because of the first amendment.  How would the Supreme Court rule on this case? Would the Supreme Court side with the Mayor or the writer and why? ()
5. What does the 4th amendment protect? ()
6. What does probable cause mean in chapter 3?
7. List the requirements for a valid arrest warrant in Chapter 3? ()
8. An officer enters a home by lying to the home owner by saying she has a search warrant.  The owner of the home was never shown the warrant and the officer finds drug paraphernalia and a small baggie of cocaine.  They arrest the owner of the home.  In court, the owner of the home asks that the evidence not be admitted due to the false warrant.  What would the Supreme Court rule? Which case provides precedent for this situation that falls under the 4th Amendment? ()
9. A School Resource officer conducts a search of a locker after being directed by the Principal to do so because it smells like marijuana.  The Officer finds marijuana in the locker and subsequently arrests the student.  During trial, the student says the search is illegal and the evidence should be suppressed. Based on the Supreme Court, did the School Resource Officer have a right to search the locker? Which case provides precedent? ()
10. Describe one reason why Floyd v. New York is such an important case for NYC? ()
11. Can police officers stop a person and search them? What elements must be present in order for them to do so? Use Terry v. Ohio to support your answer which can be found in Chapter 3. )
12. Based on Chapter 4, when and why can an officer search a vehicle? b) Are they allowed to search the trunk? Why or why not? ()
13.  Based on Chapter 5, what did Katz v. United states find? Why was this case so important? ()

ssignment Questions 1. (A) Define budget. (B) List and explain the 4 types of do

ssignment Questions
1. (A) Define budget. (B) List and explain the 4 types of documents the budget can be viewed as. (C) List and explain the 4 types of budgets most departments have, including the characteristics of a capital budget.
2. (A) List & explain 6 purposes of a budget. (B) Define bottom-line philosophy.
3. (A) Explain in detail who or which section(s) are responsible for preparing the budget. (B) List 3 results of having all employees provide input into the budget decisions. (C) Where does budget development usually start. (D) List the 3 decisions to be made regarding budget requests?
4. (A) What demand is necessary in the budgeting process? (B) List and explain the 5 major steps/phases of the budget process.
5. (A) List and explain the 5 budgeting systems. (B) List and explain the 2 budget classes of expenses.
6. (A) Define variance analysis and identify 3 causes of variance. (B) List 3 activities that should be taken when variances are discovered. (C) Define cutback budgeting and list 8 factors causing cutbacks. (D) List 5 ways to do more with less. (E) List 5 actions noted in the PERF survey taken by police managers to lessen economic changes.
7. (A) List and explain 4 areas to creatively manage /identify cost problems. (B) List 3 common features of a successful Employee Suggestion Program.
8. List and explain in detail 8 ways to creatively reduce costs.
9. List and explain in detail 6 ways to increase revenue.
10. (A) What is the first step in writing a grant proposal? (B) List 6 aspects/efforts/considerations in writing a successful grant proposal. (C) List the 6 components of most proposals.

Each student is required to prepare one news article that relates to each of the

Each student is required to prepare one news article that relates to each of the four units of study. The article reviewed may not be older than 30 days and must originate from a local news source such as the Los Angeles Times, Daily Tribune, Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, or the electronic versions of these publications.  Articles related to the administration of justice in California are preferred.  International articles will not receive credit. This first assignment needs to cover Chapters 10-12.
Each student will prepare a typewritten review of the article in APA format which summarizes the article and identifies the topic, chapter and page number of the text material related to the article.  The article review should not exceed one typewritten page but summarizes the article sufficiently. All Unit News Articles must be submitted through Turnitin. A plagiarism/similarity check will be done to ensure original work.  Plagiarism percentages are not to exceed 20%. Students are cautioned that high plagiarism percentages may result in a separate academic review. Specific feedback will be provided to the students for all assignments.  An otherwise correctly formatted paper can exceed the plagiarism threshold due to overly quoted material. Papers can be resubmitted in Canvas with any needed corrections up until the due date and time. Points will be deducted for incorrect format other than APA. Late or handwritten work will not be accepted.

Future Directions section; What new questions do you have about this topic that

Future Directions section; What new questions do you have about this topic that you thing researchers should consider? What additional variables should be studied in future research on this topic?
What contribution does race add to the different theoretical perspectives to understanding of the media representation of criminality?
What we don’t know about the race and media?
(USE ONLY SCHOLARLY SOURCES)

Community Policing Final Project There is tremendous research supporting the val

Community Policing Final Project
There is tremendous research supporting the value of and impact community policing has on improving police-community relations while reducing crime. However, community policing is not without challenges. Some of the challenges are:
·      Defining community
·      Defining roles
·      Changing supervisor attitudes
·      Reorienting police values
·      Revising training
·      Reorienting recruiting and
·      Reaching out to every community
For this assignment, I want you to imagine that you are the newly hired chief of Police tasked with building and implementing community policing within your department. In a 3–4 page paper, I want you to develop and discuss your plan to address each of the challenges listed above. Use Google Scholar to find journals or articles for this assignment. 
Assignment details
·      APA format (use in-text citations)
·      Must have an introduction and conclusion
·      3-4 pages double spaced using 12-point Times New Romans Font
·      Include a separate reference page at the end.
·      Use at least 3-5 references outside of the textbook.