What factors contribute to state political instability?

The research question for this paper is: What factors contribute to state political instability?
The case: Iraq.
– Abstract: the abstract should be no longer than a paragraph, succinctly stating what the project was about, the political context of the study, and the most significant findings or conclusion of the study (1 paragraph).
– Introduction: The introduction should provide general information about the topic, including a brief history. Your introduction may also include the research question and an overview of how your paper structurally unfolds. (1 page).
– Literature review: This section describes the scholarly literature and should explain (at the end) how your research question fits within this literature. It is also recommended to clearly restating your research question at the end of this section and introducing it again in the next (5 pages) (total of 7 sources that are academic/scholarly)
Parts of a lit review:
–  Introduction:
–  An introductory paragraph that explains what your working topic and subtopic is
–  A forecast of key topics/subtopic or texts that will appear in the review
– Potentially, a description of how you found sources and how you analyzed them for inclusion and discussion in the review.
– Body
–  Summarize and synthesize: Give an overview of the main points of each source and combine them into a coherent whole.
– Analyze and interpret: Don’t just paraphrase other researchers – add your own interpretations where possible, discussing the significance of findings in relation to your research question.
–  Critically Evaluate the findings of the reviewed sources.
– Write in well-structured paragraphs: Use transition words and topic sentence to draw connections, comparisons, and contrasts.
– Conclusion:
– Summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance.
– Connect it back to your primary research question by drawing your theoretical framework and hypothesis (s) of your research project.
– Research Design (Methodology): This section describes the project format, including your choice of case (s), hypothesis (s), the description and operationalization of the dependent and independent variables, and your choice of  method to collect data  and the sources ( 2  pages)
– Analysis and discussion of the findings: This section is the heart of the research paper. A presentation of the case(s) sets out the variables and the context. This is followed by a discussion of the evidence, the strength of relationships, and a response to the research question. ( 5 pages)
– Conclusion: Regardless of whether your hypotheses were supported by your research, the conclusion section is an opportunity to discuss the importance of your findings and their implications on similar studies or theories. (1 page)
– Bibliography: This section contains the sources you used, set out in alphabetical order by author’s last name and in an acceptable style or format . I recommend using the Turabian Style of Publications (an adoption of Chicago Manual of Style). (1-2 pages)

The Plan is There but no Peace, Why? Israel-Palestine 1949 to 1980 Paper due 2:2

The Plan is There but no Peace, Why? Israel-Palestine 1949 to 1980
Paper due 2:25 pm, October 25. There will be no class meeting that day. The suggested length is
five to seven pages, double-spaced, twelve-point font. Upload on Canvas. This will be a Turnitin
submission. The paper is worth forty point.
Many changes occurred in the Middle East and globally between 1949 and 1980. Yet some of
the same patterns in Jewish-Arab relations in the Middle East persisted. The Jewish community –
now living in the recognized state of Israel — grew stronger and more prosperous, the
Palestinians still lacked self-determination, and outside actors pursued their own agenda. As in
prior years, all efforts at conflict resolution failed, with the exception of Israel-Egypt in 1978-79.
Your assignment is to address why the Israeli-Palestinian conflict persisted from 1949 through
1980 and whether there were desirable alternatives. In doing so, comment on the evolving global
plans for peace and assess the respective roles played by Israel, the Palestinians, and the U.S.
Focus your historical review on the following three phases: early developments, including the
failed peace talks convened by the PCC in 1949; the causes of the 1967 war and the early efforts
up to the Jarring Plan of the early 1970s to resolve the conflict; and the events of the second half
of the 1970s, which saw the emergence of a new global consensus that included a Palestinian
state and a separate U.S.-brokered peace treaty between Israel and Egypt. Be sure to engage your
assessment with the views of Shavit and Khalidi-Said.
Grading Criteria:
 Reviewing and assessing the major historical developments. Include a discussion of
proposed peace plans and of the evolving global consensus on how to resolve the
conflict. Where relevant, discuss other outside actors, such as Egypt, other Arab states,
France, and UN mediators.
 Assessing the actions and motives of Israel, the Palestinians, and the U.S. What, if
anything, was meritorious about their action? What, if anything, was undesirable?
 Articulating your own perspective throughout the paper.
 Engaging the views of Shavit, Khalidi-Said with your perspective. 
 Incorporating a range of readings and lecture material. 
 Organizing the essay. Have an introduction with a thesis statement, a logical presentation
of material, avoidance of repetition, and coherent paragraphs guided by a topic sentence.
 Writing. Pay attention to active writing, clear prose, proofreading, grammar, and sentence
structure. Avoid dense sentences with multiple subjects.
Writing Suggestions:
1) Clear Introduction: Your opening paragraph should include a plan for your paper and a thesis
statement, which previews your position. Do not just write what you will cover. Indicate your
point of view. Come up with big themes or patterns that identify why the conflict persisted and
how the three main actors (Israel, the Palestinians, and the U.S.) behaved.
2) Topic Sentence: Your opening sentences for each paragraph should establish the topic with
the remainder of the paragraph elaborating on the theme. Do not switch topics mid-paragraph.
3) Logical Progression of Paragraphs: Use paragraphs to build up your argument step by step.
Stick to one theme per paragraph (as defined by the topic sentence). A page-long paragraph is
usually too long.
4) Transitions: Have a transition sentence for each paragraph.
5) Follow the Prompt: Avoid going off-topic. 
6) Concision: The longer it takes to express your point, the more difficult it is for the reader to
understand. Do not repeat points already made, develop them. You should never have to write,
“As previously discussed.” Through succinct summaries and avoidance of fluff, you have plenty
of space to engage competing arguments and articulate your view. 
7) Clear references to the text: Whenever you are quoting, closely paraphrasing, or drawing
specific information, give a page number and author’s name. Cite with either a parenthetical in
the text (e.g., Smith, 81) or as a footnote-endnote. Avoid long quotations.
8) Proofreading for spelling, grammar, and syntax. This means more than just a spell check.
Please use these sources:
Charles D. Smith, Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, Tenth Edition (Bedford/St. Martins, 2021).
Ari Shavit, My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel (Spiegel and Grau, 2015)
Rashid Khalidi, The Hundred Years’ War on Palestine (Metropolitan Books 2020)

Final Paper – Instructions (Read Carefully) The final paper will be the final st

Final Paper – Instructions (Read Carefully)
The final paper will be the final step of your research project. You will use your research outline to create your final product. By completing this final paper you should be able to:
Understand the history of a problem in a human security context, including theories and concepts at play within it;
Present a case study in which the problem is identifiable and compelling
Offer a solution or the practical application of a model.
The final paper should be no more and no less than eight (8) pages not including the reference list.
Formatting Instructions
Your final submission should be set up in this way using bold subheadings:
Introduction (½ page)
Background of the problem (½ page)
Issues (1 page)
Complicating issues & Analysis (1 page per complication issue i.e. 3 pages)
Possible solutions (1  page)
Recommendation (1 page)
Anticipated outcome (1/2 page)
Conclusion (1/2 page)
Follow this Format for the outline:
Do not use a cover page. Instead, create a header with your name, assignment name, and date. To do this in Word, go to “insert” and then “header.” Do the same thing to insert‘footer’ and include page numbers. If you need help, use the ‘help’ function to learn more within Word.
Your submission should be no more and no less than 8 pages.
Use Turabian in-text citations with a reference list. Do not use footnotes.
Submission Instructions
Review your submission and make sure that you have covered the requirements of the assignment and the submission format.
Review your submission to make sure you have written in the third person and that you have a clear thesis statement.
Use this format to name your file: YourlastnameFinal.docx.
Use standard word settings for the assignment. Double-space, 12 pt. font (Calibri, Helvetica or Arial as a last resort).
Upload the document to the correct folder in assignments.
Grading Procedure
Grading will take place after Week 8 and I will announce in the site display once all grading is completed. To see feedback on the assignment once it is graded, go back to the Assignment folder and click on the assignment link. Scroll to the bottom and you will find an uploaded document with comments. You will know the document with comments because it will have my initials and comments in the final name (ex: CommentsKR). There will also be a rubric and points breakdown on that document.
If you have any questions please let me know.
Take care,
Kaci

Instructions You are an employee of an NGO interested in encouraging state compl

Instructions
You are an employee of an NGO interested in encouraging state compliance with international norms. Your supervisor has asked you to produce a white paper in which you discuss at least three strategies that IGOs, states and/or other NGOs use for enforcement of international law. Your overall focus should be on the information you have learned and how your NGO should act on that information.
The text of the report should be no fewer than 3 pages and no more than 6, double-spaced, 12 font.
You should apply information that you have obtained from class readings and external resources. You should have at least four credible references.
A white paper usually includes the following elements:
(1) An executive summary:
Provide an overview of the report’s purpose, problem being addressed, research methods, & recommendations. An executive should be able to read this and not be missing anything of major importance from the full paper. Summarize the most important information from each of the sections.
(2) Relevant background information;
Include enough basic information about the challenge your organization is facing.
Make sure to shape your communication style for the audience. Write in a clear, professional manner.
Briefly describe your research methods and the purpose of your report. Your audience may wish to know where you got your info.
(3) A clear discussion of the problem and why it is important
Be specific when defining your organization’s problem
Analyze the problem’s causes
Explain who is affected and what is at stake
(4) Different perspectives related to the problem, and alternative solutions
Separately identify three or four different approaches or ways of understanding your company and its problem (Make sure to use headings and subheadings as bosses don’t like to struggle to find the info)
Define a full range of arguments. Make sure to include ones that are contrary to your final recommendation.
(5) Your recommendations and reasoning
Each recommendation must be not only possible but feasible.
You must provide evidence for your reasoning
(6) Appendices and supplementary material.
(7) A reference list separate from the white paper
General Instructions for Assignments and Rubrics
All assignments should be written in Word and uploaded as attachments within the Assignments section of the classroom. Use 12 pt. font and double-space. Be sure to put your name and class information on the document and put your name on the file. Insert page numbers. In-text citations to the readings should be included (the textbook and the journal articles as applicable). A reference list should be included at the end of your document. Assignments will be graded using a rubric appropriate for your class level.

Instructions You are an employee of an NGO interested in encouraging state compl

Instructions
You are an employee of an NGO interested in encouraging state compliance with international norms. Your supervisor has asked you to produce a white paper in which you discuss at least three strategies that IGOs, states and/or other NGOs use for enforcement of international law. Your overall focus should be on the information you have learned and how your NGO should act on that information.
The text of the report should be no fewer than 3 pages and no more than 6, double-spaced, 12 font.
You should apply information that you have obtained from class readings and external resources. You should have at least four credible references.
A white paper usually includes the following elements:
(1) An executive summary:
Provide an overview of the report’s purpose, problem being addressed, research methods, & recommendations. An executive should be able to read this and not be missing anything of major importance from the full paper. Summarize the most important information from each of the sections.
(2) Relevant background information;
Include enough basic information about the challenge your organization is facing.
Make sure to shape your communication style for the audience. Write in a clear, professional manner.
Briefly describe your research methods and the purpose of your report. Your audience may wish to know where you got your info.
(3) A clear discussion of the problem and why it is important
Be specific when defining your organization’s problem
Analyze the problem’s causes
Explain who is affected and what is at stake
(4) Different perspectives related to the problem, and alternative solutions
Separately identify three or four different approaches or ways of understanding your company and its problem (Make sure to use headings and subheadings as bosses don’t like to struggle to find the info)
Define a full range of arguments. Make sure to include ones that are contrary to your final recommendation.
(5) Your recommendations and reasoning
Each recommendation must be not only possible but feasible.
You must provide evidence for your reasoning
(6) Appendices and supplementary material.
(7) A reference list separate from the white paper
General Instructions for Assignments and Rubrics
All assignments should be written in Word and uploaded as attachments within the Assignments section of the classroom. Use 12 pt. font and double-space. Be sure to put your name and class information on the document and put your name on the file. Insert page numbers. In-text citations to the readings should be included (the textbook and the journal articles as applicable). A reference list should be included at the end of your document. Assignments will be graded using a rubric appropriate for your class level.

Final Paper – Instructions (Read Carefully) The final paper will be the final st

Final Paper – Instructions (Read Carefully)
The final paper will be the final step of your research project. You will use your research outline to create your final product. By completing this final paper you should be able to:
Understand the history of a problem in a human security context, including theories and concepts at play within it;
Present a case study in which the problem is identifiable and compelling
Offer a solution or the practical application of a model.
The final paper should be no more and no less than eight (8) pages not including the reference list.
Formatting Instructions
Your final submission should be set up in this way using bold subheadings:
Introduction (½ page)
Background of the problem (½ page)
Issues (1 page)
Complicating issues & Analysis (1 page per complication issue i.e. 3 pages)
Possible solutions (1  page)
Recommendation (1 page)
Anticipated outcome (1/2 page)
Conclusion (1/2 page)
Follow this Format for the outline:
Do not use a cover page. Instead, create a header with your name, assignment name, and date. To do this in Word, go to “insert” and then “header.” Do the same thing to insert‘footer’ and include page numbers. If you need help, use the ‘help’ function to learn more within Word.
Your submission should be no more and no less than 8 pages.
Use Turabian in-text citations with a reference list. Do not use footnotes.
Submission Instructions
Review your submission and make sure that you have covered the requirements of the assignment and the submission format.
Review your submission to make sure you have written in the third person and that you have a clear thesis statement.
Use this format to name your file: YourlastnameFinal.docx.
Use standard word settings for the assignment. Double-space, 12 pt. font (Calibri, Helvetica or Arial as a last resort).
Upload the document to the correct folder in assignments.
Grading Procedure
Grading will take place after Week 8 and I will announce in the site display once all grading is completed. To see feedback on the assignment once it is graded, go back to the Assignment folder and click on the assignment link. Scroll to the bottom and you will find an uploaded document with comments. You will know the document with comments because it will have my initials and comments in the final name (ex: CommentsKR). There will also be a rubric and points breakdown on that document.
If you have any questions please let me know.
Take care,
Kaci

Hello, my friend! Let’s use this 2-page writing effectively and get straight to

Hello, my friend! Let’s use this 2-page writing effectively and get straight to the point as much as you can. It is a part of my other long paper, so you don’t need to write long background (introduction) and conclusion. You just go straight to include information including how did Ottoman Empire rise to become an Empire? Who did they go to war with? What key significance happened during those wars? Political, economic and social circumstances during its rise.
I hope my instructions are clear enough, aren’t they?

Here is what you have to do: First, read this short story Jomo Kenyatta: The Gen

Here is what you have to do:
First, read this short story
Jomo Kenyatta: The Gentlemen of the Jungle
Second, answer this question in an essay:
Which of three theoretical perspectives offers the best interpretation of “The Gentlemen of the Jungle”? Explain your answer using references to the ideas found in the course readings.
You need to compare 3 perspectives, and these must be:
Neomercantilism OR Liberalism (only one!)
Marxism
Constructivism OR Feminism (only one!)
You need to use the text book, and 1-2 additional course readings per theoretical perspective.
The readings need to be explicitly referred to with in-text citations. For example, if I were referring to the textbook right now I would do this (Cohn and Hira 2021). When quoting or referring to something found on a specific page, include the page number. Like this: (Cohn and Hira 2021, 161). Do not include a Works Cited: you should be using only course materials, and you can assume that the syllabus serves as the Works Cited.
Aim for 3-5 pages, double-spaced with one-inch margins.
The essay will be graded on both substance and style.
Substance: In the essay, you are expected to offer a good argument and to demonstrate your understanding of the theoretical perspectives and concepts in the course.
Note that I am not asking you to research what others have written about this story. Googling others’ interpretations will detract from your answer, not enhance it. The goal of this essay is for you to think about how the content of this course helps you analyze this short story.
Style: The essay is expected to be well-written. The main ideas are clearly stated; the language use, sentence structure, and paragraph development are polished. The paper is well-organized and virtually free of mechanical writing errors or oversights in proofreading.

Please try to keep this at 500 words, as that is the word limit. Essential Read

Please try to keep this at 500 words, as that is the word limit.
Essential Readings:
Smith, Steve (2007) ‘Introduction: Diversity and Disciplinarity in International Relations theory’, in Tim Dunne, Milja Kurki and Steve Smith (eds.) International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 1-12.
Wight, Martin (1966) ‘Why Is There No International Theory?’, in Herbert Butterfield and Martin Wight (eds.) Diplomatic Investigations: Essay in the Theory of International Politics, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.,17-34.