Please answer the following 3 questions. 1. Analyze components of any given lan

Please answer the following 3 questions.
1. Analyze components of any given language from a cross-cultural perspective. You may use the same language you chose for your “Ecology of Language” project.
2. Evaluate the changing features of a given language in different parts of society.) Prompt: Texting, messaging, and Twitter have resulted in the development of new abbreviations, acronyms, rebus writing, and emoticons. This is a system that is continuing to evolve. Who was most likely to be using these new forms of writing 10 and 15 years ago, and who wasn’t? How does that differ from their use, today? How do you explain this change?
3. Discuss the significance of sub-cultural membership and linguistic expression). Prompt: Earlier in the semester, we saw two videos – one of a young man in the North End of Boston, speaking a distinctive North End dialect; the other of two men on Beacon Hill, speaking the distinctive Boston Brahmin dialect. What do these dialects tell us about their speakers? How did the speakers seem to feel about their dialects? Which dialect do you prefer, and why? How do you think people who don’t speak either dialect respond to them?
Here are addresses for the two videos:

and

4 short written essays (300-400 words each) one for each of the four numbered se

4 short written essays (300-400 words each) one for each of the four numbered set of traits listed above. Or one longer essay doing the same
SPIECIES ARE CHIMPANZEES AND BABOONS
Goal
The goal of this assignment is for you to synthesize the theory and data we′ve covered about modern humans (Homo sapiens), our hominin ancestors, and our chimpanzee cousins, and explain the traits that you think make us human. Given the traits you think are most important, you will lay out the argument for which hominin ancestor was the first you are willing to call ″human″. There isn′t a right or wrong answer to this question. I just want to know what you think and to see you use evidence from the class to support your argument.
Prompt
What are the key traits of Homo sapiens that you think makes us “human”? Which hominin species from the genus Homo do you think first qualifies as “human”? How do both these species significantly (or not) differ from Chimpanzees? The hominin species you select as the first “human” must be a member of the genus Homo (1.5 mya or more recent), and you must focus on a single species to compare to Homo sapiens. (If you think only Homo sapiens can be called human, then compare them to Homo neanderthalensis, arguing why their traits differ enough that you don′t consider Neanderthals human yet.) Compare both to Chimpanzees. You will need to include anatomical, behavioral, and cultural traits in your argument.
Instructions
Read: Use the information already part of this class. Review the traits and the species you want to write about. Only use the Explorations textbook, module pages, and links provided on the module pages for your argument. Do not use google or do additional library research. Class materials are enough. Do not use direct quotes, whether cited or not. Everything must be written in your own words.
Organize: You will want to present information on the following kinds of traits for both Homo sapiens, your one chosen hominin species, and chimpanzees, in a comparative structure. For example, ″Homo sapiens do X″ and include a desсrіption and details about this. ″Homo erectus did X too in mostly similar ways″, and include a desсrіption of how it is similar or different. ″Chimpanzees are different because they do Y.″ ″Given these similarities, I think Homo erectus can be considered the first ″human″ hominin.″ Also discuss the selective pressures that favored these traits, and how selection drove the evolution of ″human″ traits we see today.
The traits you should discuss include:
1.evidence for modern bipedal anatomy (pelvis, femur, foot, etc), compared to the knuckle-walking anatomy of chimpanzees. Describe each feature and how it functions.
2.skull shape and size, teeth size, and brain size, and how natural selection has shaped these features in response to diet and behavior
3. social lives, and life history features (specifically pay attention to the ideas covered in the second half of the Week 7 module discussing life history, and how these have changed due to selective pressures.
4. cultural artifacts like tools, clothing, shelters, fire, art, or other decorative activities. Relate these to diet, anatomy, social behavior, and life history as relevant.
Do not use google. No library research. Cite and present only information from my modules and the Explorations textbook. Explain the traits and your comparisons in your own words. No quotes, even if properly cited. No copying someone else′s words.
ONLINE TEXTBOOK:

Cover


DO NOT USE OUTSIDE SOURCES

(Q001) While most human traits are polygenic, the traits in the chart on p. 72 of your lab manual have traditionally been considered Mendelian traits.

Part 1:
(Q001) While most human traits are polygenic, the traits in the chart on p. 72 of your lab manual have traditionally been considered Mendelian traits. More recent research has disputed the single-gene nature of some of these traits, but for the purpose of this exercise, assume that the traits discussed in this exercise are Mendelian.
Work to determine your own phenotypes and possible genotypes for these traits. (Note: Refer to the table on p. 62 of your lab manual for images of these traits.)
A “cleft chin” is a chin with a slight indentation in the middle. A cleft chin is a dominant trait. What is your phenotype and possible genotype(s) for cleft chin?
(Q002) Freckles are a dominant trait. What is your phenotype and possible genotype(s) for freckles?
(Q003) “Attached earlobes” are earlobes that are fully attached to the side of the head, unlike unattached earlobes, which have a lower section that hangs freely away from the side of the head. Attached earlobes are a recessive trait. What is your phenotype and possible genotype(s) for attached earlobes?
(Q004) A “hitchhiker’s thumb” is a thumb that bends backwards when fully extended from a hand that is closed in a fist. Hitchhiker’s thumb is a recessive trait. What is your phenotype and possible genotype(s) for hitchhiker’s thumb?
(Q005) A “widow’s peak” is a hairline that dips down in the middle of the forehead to form a V-shape, unlike a non-widow’s-peak hairline, which runs horizontally straight along the forehead. A widow’s peak is a dominant trait. What is your phenotype and possible genotype(s) for widow’s peak?
Part 2:
Mister Poppleton, a cat enthusiast who breeds cats and competes on the Cat Fancier’s Association competitive show circuit, has just received quite a shock! His award-winning cat, Emeline, has given birth to some surprising kittens. Of her five kittens, four have black fur, and one has an unexpected coat of fur that is a patchwork of black and orange, known as a tortoiseshell pattern.
Mister Poppleton was breeding Emeline with an award-winning male cat, named Barnaby, but he is now worried that Emeline may have been having secret sexual relations with a neighborhood stray cat, named Hugo. Mister Poppleton consults with his veterinarian, Dr. Doolittle, for some expert advice.
Dr. Doolittle explains: In cats, there are several genes that determine fur color. One of those genes is found on the X chromosome and codes for whether a cat has orange fur or black fur. Because it is a sex-linked gene, it is expressed a bit differently in males than in females.
In males:
• If a male cat has the orange allele on his X chromosome, he will have orange fur.
• If a male cat has the black allele on his X chromosome, he will have black fur.
In females:
• If a female cat has the orange allele on both of her X chromosomes, she will have orange fur.
• If a female cat has the black allele on both of her X chromosomes, she will have black fur.
• If a female cat has the orange allele on one of her X chromosomes and the black allele on the other X chromosome, she will have a tortoiseshell coat.
With this information in mind, Mister Poppleton takes a closer look at Emeline and the possible fathers (Barnaby and Hugo) of her kittens. Emeline is a female cat with all-black fur. Barnaby is a male cat with all-black fur. Hugo is a male cat with all-orange fur.
Who is the father of these kittens? (Note: All of the kittens have the same father.)
Answer is Hugo.
Question:
1. How do you know this? Be sure to provide evidence from the scenario and from what you know about patterns of inheritance.
2. Why does only one kitten have the unusual tortoiseshell coat? Be sure to provide evidence from the scenario and what you know about patterns of inheritance.

PROMPT: Describe a hypothetical scenario of the founder effect for a specific sp

PROMPT: Describe a hypothetical scenario of the founder effect for a specific species trait where substantial genetic variation is lost (causing a population bottleneck).  Be sure to describe each of the key elements (such as why the founder event occurs, why genetic information is lost, and how the trait frequency changes over multiple generations). 
Please make sure that your responses are organized into complete sentences.  I recommend that you devote at least one full paragraph to answering each discussion prompt.
Your final post should be at least 300 words.
You should exercise college-level writing skills with correct spelling, grammar and punctuation.
You should include reference to at least three academic resources throughout your initial post.

Answer the following question using information from your textbook aswell as any

Answer the following question using information from your textbook aswell as any outside sources you might find.  Be sure to list any outside sources you use at the end of your writing.  Answers should be about 250 words.
Question: If you found a new hominid fossil in east Africa dated 5 million years ago, would it most likely be an ape or a human ancestor? How would you tell?

Commodity Chain Analysis PaperThe commodity chain analysis paper considers the impact of the commodity in various ways.

Assignment 4: Commodity Chain Analysis Paper (Individual Term Paper)
The commodity chain analysis paper considers the impact of the commodity in various ways. The paper should outline the commodity chain for a product as specifically as possible (try to identify particular commodities and not the generic commodity if possible). The paper should also consider, analytically, the consequences of production or consumption on cultural, economic or political globalization. The paper should be organized in sections, with a one to two page section for each of the categories below:
(a) detailed presentation of the commodity chain;
(b) labor conditions under which the commodity is produced;
(c) environmental consequences of the production process;
(d) effects of the production process on people (health, status, etc) in relevant regions;
(e) health effects associated with the consumption of the product;
Your paper should be at least 8 – 10 pages, typed and double-spaced. It should be written in APA style; including a Cover Page, Abstract, 8-10 pages of text, and a works cited page.

Assignment 4: Commodity Chain Analysis Paper (Individual Term Paper) The commodi

Assignment 4: Commodity Chain Analysis Paper (Individual Term Paper)
The commodity chain analysis paper considers the impact of the commodity in various ways. The paper should outline the commodity chain for a product as specifically as possible (try to identify particular commodities and not the generic commodity if possible). The paper should also consider, analytically, the consequences of production or consumption on cultural, economic or political globalization. The paper should be organized in sections, with a one to two page section for each of the categories below:
(a) detailed presentation of the commodity chain;
(b) labor conditions under which the commodity is produced;
(c) environmental consequences of the production process;
(d) effects of the production process on people (health, status, etc) in relevant regions;
(e) health effects associated with the consumption of the product;
Your paper should be at least 8 – 10 pages, typed and double-spaced. It should be written in APA style; including a Cover Page, Abstract, 8-10 pages of text, and a works cited page.

Everything is in the files that i uploaded The nations you will be writing about

Everything is in the files that i uploaded
The nations you will be writing about:
Russia and the United Arab Emirates
this is an essay about the nationalistic standpoint of both countries revolving around various themes such as history, identity, challenges, etc.
be as critical, creative , theoretical as possible.

Basic information: – List the chapter – provide a summary of the chapter – make

Basic information:
– List the chapter
– provide a summary of the chapter
– make some connection to lecture or or discussion
– provide a case example for the chapter
– select one concept or aspect that captured your attention, explain why
– formulate one question

Hominid fossils have helped scientists determine both a likely place for the ori

Hominid fossils have helped scientists determine both a likely place for the origin of our species, and migration paths throughout the world.
OBJECTIVES
Learn about fossil evidence for human evolution.
Identify location of major fossil discoveries: Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Homo neanderthalensis, and Homo sapiens (modern and present).
Explain and infer migration patterns of early hominids.
INSTRUCTIONS
Using the resources listed below or others you may find, answer the following Hominid Migration Questions as completely as possible. Submit to the appropriate assignment folder after proofreading your work, AND making sure you have met the rubric requirements.
Hominid Migration Questions
Describe the overall migration pattern of humans and their ancestors based on the information provided.
Which group seems to have the earliest, widest distribution throughout much of the Old World?
In which area of the Old World do Neanderthals seem to be most prominent?
Where is the greatest coexistence between Neanderthals and early modern Homo sapiens likely to have occurred? Briefly describe the most recent theory as to the fate of the Neanderthals.
Why have scientists concluded that Africa is the “birthplace” of humanity?
For each of the following locations below, include the following information about one site: classification, age, what was found, anything else of relevance (e.g. Ethiopia- A. afarensis “Lucy”, 3.2 million yo, 40% complete skeleton, adult female)
China
Mexico
Australia
Java
Germany
Ethiopia
Iraq
South Africa
Resources to Use
https://rmpbs.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/tdc02.sci.life.evo.lp_humanevo/human-evolution/
https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Neanderthal
https://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-neanderthalensis
https://www.nature.com/scitable/content/map-of-homo-erectus-fossil-localities-96680469/
https://www.africanworldheritagesites.org/cultural-places/human-origins/fossil-hominid-sites-south-africa.html
https://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-afarensis
http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/Maps.asp
https://www.businessinsider.com/prehistoric-human-migration-from-africa-animated-map-2015-5
https://rmpbs.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/hs11.global.ancient.earl.neandway/the-human-spark-the-neanderthal-way/