Mars exploration rovers-spirit & opportunity
The outline will include a list of citations at the end (at least two total, with one beingthe main website for the mission). These citations should be in APA format
Please use academic sources
1. Launch date
3. Selected instruments
– 3-4 most important
– how they fulfill mission objectives
4. Science results
5. Current status
The planets of the Solar System can be divided into two major classes, terrestrial and Jovian planets, but each planet has their own interesting characteristics. With the Stellarium planetarium software, you can get a close up view of the planets and see their features for yourself.
In this part of the project, use a computer simulation to examine the physical characteristics of planets of the Solar System. Please read through the assignment background information and follow the steps listed in the lab assignment instructions. You will be asked to form a hypothesis, state the lab objective, record your measurements and calculations, and answer each of the lab questions.
Over the past five weeks, you have use the Stellarium planetarium software to plan an observation, examine a number of celestial objects, and test astronomical hypotheses for yourself. In a 1-2 page length paper in APA format, please reflect on the past work you have done and answer the following questions:
How did the previous laboratory exercises help you to understand the scientific method and how astronomy uses observations to test hypotheses and theories?
Which of the five activities did you find to be the most interesting or educational? The Solar System
Did you find the Stellarium program easy or difficult to use? What would you recommend to the programmer of Stellarium to make any changes or add any additional features?
If you had to use Stellarium to devise your own new laboratory exercise, what aspect of the program would you use? What astronomical objects would you focus on?
Edwin Hubble’s observations of the Andromeda “nebula” in 1924, using the then new 100 inch telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory, lead to the understanding that the Milky Way was not the only galaxy, but one of a countless large groups of stars in our Universe. Within this new field of astronomy, Hubble devised a classification system for galaxies based on their observed shape and structure. In this laboratory exercise, you will use Stellarium to observe a number of galaxies and attempt to classify them using Hubble’s system.
For this project piece, use a computer simulation to examine the concept of habitable zones around other stars or examine and classify a range of galaxies. Please read through the assignment background information and follow the steps listed in the lab assignment instructions. You will be asked to form a hypothesis, state the lab objective, record your measurements and calculations, and answer each of the lab questions.
The Hertzsprung-Russell diagram is an important tool in the classification of stars and the understanding stellar evolution. The H-R diagram was discovered independently by two astronomers in early 20th century using observations of star luminosity and surface temperature. With this lab exercise, you will use Stellarium to collect stellar information and then form your own H-R diagram and see if you can find how stars are group into different luminosity classes.
For this project piece, use a computer simulation to measure the characteristics of a sample of stars and then organize your data into a Hertzspung-Russel diagram. Please read through the assignment background information and follow the steps listed in the lab assignment instructions. You will be asked to form a hypothesis, state the lab objective, record your measurements and calculations, and answer each of the lab questions.
1) Used the paper “FUV Observations of the Inner Coma of 46P/Wirtanen”
2) focus only on the spectra part 3.1 (do not go to 3.2. Coma Emission Modeling it is not required). I need only reproduce the RESULTS 3.1. Spectra the data available at this link:
3) write a report with 3 pages of text and put the figures on two pages.
4) when you write the report on how you use the data and astronomy tools (DS9, CALCOS pipeline, Spextool, python, Matlab, it is up to you which tool you like), you can you the professor handout of the description of the data analysis as following:
Data Analysis Write-Up Rubric:
– Students will write-up a description of their data analysis in a 5-page report (max length is 5 pages for text and 3 pages for figures)
– Write-up should include the following:
– Discussion of the science question you are addressing by analyzing these data and how they play into your telescope proposal (10 points)
– Description of the data you are re-analyzing including name of instrument, description of instrument, whatever mode the data was collected in (if applicable) (20 points)
– Describe the reduction steps and the methods used to do the reduction – Enough of a description that I could re-produce your work – including pictures will help to show the separate steps that you did (50 points)
– Comparison between your re-produced data and the one from the paper and discussion on what differences might exist between them (20 points)
1) write a telescope proposal on coma 46p/Wirtanen (two pages) use the same HST telescope as the paper or if you have a good idea different telescope that will be ok.
2) the figures and table support (one page if adding it)
3) bellow the professor’s description of the telescope proposal assignment which is a part of the project:
The written telescope proposal should include the following:
– (50 points) Science case for why your new telescopic observations are compelling and should be selected – page length is dictated by the telescope that you are proposing to and includes any figures or tables you want to add
– (50 points) Technical case describing the following:
– Target information (target name, RA, Dec) (JPL Horizons)
– Dates for observing, airmass expected, target magnitudes (JPL Horizons)
– Calibration stars that will be collected and used in data reduction (make sure to include the RA, Dec of star) (Observatory/Telescope Website or papers)
– Discuss the integration times and SNR needed to do your science (you may have to get a sense of this from your paper or other papers that have you used the instrument you are proposing to)
– Discuss how you intend to make your measurements and how the telescope + instrument you are proposing to can make the measurements you need for the science
– Again, page length is dictated by the telescope that you are proposing to and includes any figures or tables you want to add
In this lab exercise, the student will measure the lengths of synodic and sidereal months and practice how to locate and reference objects using celestial coordinates. You will launch Stellarium follow the instructions on the lab manual to collect and analyze all your data.
1. After being acquainted with information of Chapter 8, list in order of your preferences all planets and their features you believe to be most important to explore, and what kind of measurements data you need to get during your exploration.
2. Design your own space research program, outlining preferred problems to resolve, listing them in the order of their priority, according to goals, vital importance, practical needs, theoretical significance, and expenses, e.g. 1st is the exploration of Jupiter, requires most expenditure , related to exploration of Asteroids belt – source of meteorites- important for prognostic estimation of probability of catastrophic collissions, 2nd is Titan related to the unique information of life sources and greenhouse effect in the outer solar system, 3rd is Pluto, Neptune and Uranus as the information sources of solar nebula- origin of our system and process of its forming
3. If your program is invested by commercial and governmental organizations in what proportion should they participate in your project (percentage)? Explain
4. If you have limited resources for performing your full program, would you be ready to exclude the long mission program kind of Voyager 1, 2 mission with travel beyond our solar system into the interstellar space. Or the opposite: which part of your program you would sacrifice for interstellar research with the hope of meeting with other civilizations in the cosmos
Look also at https://www.space.com/17201-voyager-2-nasa-longest-mission.html
Submit the 3 pictures (they are submitted in materials), exact time points, azimuth/altitude readings and the polar graph with your interpretation of the graph as a November Moon Wakelet pdf.
Only thing i need from you is the polar graph and interpretations of graph:
I have submitted the three pictures with the exact points – needing someone t put in comments about your three time points compared to the official time points and challenges in measuring and how you measure it differently (altitude and azimuth next time) in the comments box or in the submission details in the upper right (see attached photo)
Also do the polar plot
Link to show how to do explanation and plot of moon using graph b- need to use polar graph on page 3 of 4
Look at the official azimuth and altitude at the Information about November 2021 Moons in San Marcos (Links to an external site.) and put in your comments about your three time points compared to the official time points and challenges in measuring and how you measure it differently (altitude and azimuth next time) in the comments box or in the submission details in the upper right (see attached photo)
Use the below measurements for the plotting
My first one was taken at 6:30 pm the azimuth was 82 and the altitude was 248.
2nd moon photo was taken an hour later at 7:30, the azimuth was 93 and the altitude was 280.
3rd moon photo was taken at 9:30 standard time Azimuth for 3rd photo is 115 and altitude is 29
Caputre material is the polar plot