Instructions This assignment is comprised of 2 parts, the first of which is due

Instructions
This assignment is comprised of 2 parts, the first of which is due this week. Part II will be due in Week 7.
In Part I this week, choose a case from your state that involves civil rights or civil liberties that was decided by the United States Supreme Court. If your state does not have a case that was decided by the United States Supreme Court, choose a civil rights case from another state for which the United States Supreme Court issued a decision.
Here is a brief description of civil rights and civil liberties: Civil rights refers to equal social opportunities under the law. It gives you these freedoms such as the right to vote, the right to public education, or a fair trial, among other things, regardless of your wealth or race. Civil liberties mean freedom of religion, equal treatment and due process under the law, and the right to privacy.
You should be able to go online and look up your state and famous cases decided by the Supreme Court. For example, Brown v Board of Education (1951) started in Topeka, Kansas and ended up in the Supreme Court of the United States. Another example would be Calvary Chapel Dayton Valley v Steve Sisolak, Governor of Nevada (2020) that started in Nevada and ended up the United States Supreme Court. A good source of information about cases decided by the United States Supreme Court is www.scotusblog.com. Other sources can be researched online using search terms for “civil rights cases decided by the U.S. Supreme Court.” Be sure to use a case actually decided by the United States Supreme Court, and not a case decided by your state’s supreme court or a different court. A case that is still pending before the United States Supreme Court should not be used. If you are unsure, please contact your Professor BEFORE you pick your case and submit the assignment as this is a significant part of your overall grade.
Research your court case and write an outline of the case that you will be using to prepare a presentation, which will either be a narrated PowerPoint, a Kaltura Video, or some other format as approved by your instructor. If you are unsure, then verify the presentation format with your instructor before starting work on this assignment.
This week’s assignment should include (a) summary of the case; (b) a case outline; and a summary.
A. Summary of the Case
In one or two paragraphs, provide a general overview of the case that serves as a snapshot of what the case is about and how it ended up in your state high court. A summary is using your words to write a brief history of the case. Do not give your opinion or your interpretation but stick to the facts only.
B: Case Outline
Your court case outline should include:
Title: Name of the case
Facts of the case: Provide key facts involving the case.
History of the case: What legal action was taken based on what your state laws say about this case?
Legal questions: What were the legal issues the court had to decide?
Decision or holdings: Did the court decide for the plaintiff or the defendant? Explain the reason behind the decision?
Verdict and opinion (judgement): What were the concurring and dissenting opinions? How many judges decided for the defendant and how many justices decided against the defendant? What was the final verdict from the judge or the jury, if it was a jury trial?
C. Conclusion
What was the resulting impact of the ruling? How did the citizens of your state benefit from it? Was this a good decision?
Writing Requirements (APA format)
The length of your outline will vary. Usually an outline is anywhere from 1-3 pages long. Make sure to write full sentences to explain your case. It is a concise list to be used as a reference for you during the presentation.
Using the outline, you will be describing the court case in your presentation and the scenario around the court case. The use of Wikipedia as a primary source of information is to be avoided – it is not a reliable source of information.
Search for an example of a case outline in the Internet. Without going into much detail at this state, each of the items listed above has a subject sentence with 3-6 bullet points that can help you expand on the topic.
For Week 7, you will be creating a narrated PowerPoint, or a video as approved by your instructor, from this week’s outline.
This assignment is worth 200 points.
1-inch margins
Double spaced
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page
References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources in addition to textbook if cited)

Policy Memo Guidelines: Your memos must be concise and directed to the target au

Policy Memo Guidelines:
Your memos must be concise and directed to the target audience. Your memo needs to be structured based on the template below. Your language needs to be concise when writing the policy memo since you are trying to relay specific policies in a brief manner.
Header:
To whom you are addressing the policy memo, from whom, date, and the topic/issue area of the memo need to be included as the header.
Executive Summer (half-page)
Provide a short summary of the problem/issue area (e.g deforestation in Brazil) you are covering and your findings/recommendations
Background (half page)
Elaborate on the issue being covered. If deforestation in Brazil is your issue area, you will provide a short background on the current state of deforestation policy (or lack thereof).
Secondly, you will describe policy loopholes or concerns that are not addressed effectively by the current policies.
For this section, it is a great idea to provide quantitative data. For example, what is the situation of deforestation in Brazil? What is the current factor motivating deforestation? Is deforestation impacting indigenous groups?
Policy Recommendations (one and a half pages)
Based on the loopholes or concerns addressed in the background section, what policies would you propose for decreasing deforestation in Brazil?
How did you decide on the policy recommendations? What is the rationale behind these propositions? Each policy recommendation needs to be followed by a statement of rationale on why you are proposing it.
Policy recommendations should be realistic in their goals and feasible for the country you are assigned.
Major Obstacles/Challenges to Implementation (half a page)
In this section, highlight possible obstacles or challenges that the government might face when implementing your proposed policies.
These obstacles could be budgetary constraints, political opposition, or social/cultural forces.
References
This page is separate and does not count towards wordcount or page count.
At least 5 sources need to be used. All the sources should be government agency websites or those of international non-governmental organizations such as the United Nations or Amnesty International.
Journal articles can be used as a source; so can the following magazines/news portals: Foreign Policy, Newsweek, and Time.
Lack of a reference page will result in a ZERO for the assignment.
The memo must be:
Times New Roman font
Size 12 font
1-inch Margins on all sides
Double-spaced
Chicago or APA citation format.
There are no exceptions regarding these specifications.
Students need to consult the ministries or other governmental agencies related to the issue area of the country they are assigned. The UN, IMF, and World Bank websites are also excellent sources.
If interested, refer to the following websites for consultation but do keep in mind that the policy memo guidelines presented in this syllabus is the structure that you should follow when writing the policy memo.
Duke University: https://twp.duke.edu/sites/twp.duke.edu/files/file-attachments/policy-memo.original.pdf
MIT: https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/36824/11-479Spring-2004/NR/rdonlyres/Urban-Studies-and-Planning/11-479Spring-2004/9CE4ACA2-EC3D-4C1D-91CC-27971E27DCF5/0/pmwriting.pdf
Harvard University: https://shorensteincenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/HO_Herman_Policy-Memos_9_24_12.pdf

Once you have selected and carefully read your article, you may begin to write y

Once you have selected and carefully read your article, you may begin to write your critique, which will cover five areas:
1. Thesis
2. Methods
3. Evidence of thesis support
4. Contribution to the literature
5. Recommendation
Thesis
Your first task is to find and clearly state the thesis of the article. The thesis is the main point the article is trying to make. In a 2014 article published in the scholarly journal PS: Political Science & Politics and titled “Transparency: The Revolution in Qualitative Research,” Andrew Moravcsik of Princeton University states his thesis very clearly:
Qualitative political science, the use of textual evidence to reconstruct causal mechanisms across a limited number of cases, is currently undergoing a methodological revolution . . . The cornerstone of this methodological revolution is enhanced research transparency: the principle that every political scientist should make the essential components of his or her work visible to fellow scholars. The most broadly applicable tool for enhancing qualitative research transparency is active citation.
Many authors, however, do not present their theses this clearly. After you have read the article, ask yourself whether you had to hunt for the thesis. Comment about the clarity of the author’s thesis presentation and state the author’s thesis in your critique. Before proceeding with the remaining elements of your critique, consider the importance of the topic. Has the author written something that is important for us as citizens or political scientists to read?
Methods
In your critique, carefully answer the following questions:
1. What methods did the author use to investigate the topic? In other words, how did the author go about supporting the thesis?
2. Were the appropriate methods used?
3. Did the author’s approach to supporting the thesis make sense?
4. Did the author employ the selected methods correctly?
5. Did you discover any errors in the way he or she conducted the research?
Evidence of Thesis Support
In your critique, answer the following questions:
1. What evidence did the author present in support of the thesis?
2. What are the strengths of the evidence presented?
3. What are the weaknesses of the evidence?
4. On balance, how well did the author support the thesis?
Contribution to the Literature
This step will probably require you to undertake some research of your own. Identify articles and books published on the subject of your “selected article within the past five years. Browse the titles and read perhaps half a dozen of the publications that appear to provide the best discussion of the topic. In your critique, list the most important other articles or books that have been published on your topic and then, in view of these publications, evaluate the contribution that your selected article makes to a better understanding of the subject.
Recommendation
In this section of your critique, summarize your evaluation of the article. Tell your readers several things: Who will benefit from reading this article? What will the benefit be? How important and extensive is that benefit? Clearly state your evaluation of the article in the form of a thesis for your own critique. Your thesis might be something like the following:
“In a 2014 article published in PS: Political Science & Politics and entitled “Transparency: The Revolution in Qualitative Research,” Andrew “Moravcsik of Princeton University provides the most concise and comprehensive discussion of the problem of maintaining high quality in quantitative research published in recent years. Political scientists should adopt enhanced research transparency because Moravcsik conclusively demonstrates that it will significantly improve the quality of quantitative research.”

Before the U.S. Constitution was ratified, several of the Founding Fathers wrote

Before the U.S. Constitution was ratified, several of the Founding Fathers wrote papers arguing for certain provisions. These were published in newspapers and became known as the Federalist Papers. Your assignment is to write a modern day Federalist Paper. Imagine your country was holding a modern day constitutional convention and debating what should be included in their constitution. This can be the United States, or if you are an international student, can be your home country. Regardless of the country you are focused on, please pick a component of the American government that is specifically articulated in the Constitution (including the 27 amendments) and argue why is should be included in the new constitution. You can also choose an amendment that has failed, and argue what it should be added.
Functional Requirements:
The paper must be 2-3 pages.
It must have a 12-point font and be double-spaced.
It must have parenthetical citations or foot/endnotes, in addition to a works cited page.
It must be submitted to Canvas by the deadline.
Resource Requirements:
You must cite at least four sources other than the textbooks.
The works cited page does not count towards the page limit.
One of these sources must be the U.S. Constitution
You can cite the textbooks, but they cannot count towards your four sources.
Each citation must be from a reputable source: books, scholarly journals, etc.
Additional Requirements:
Your paper must have theoretical and practical arguments.
You must have at least one major theoretical argument for keeping the component of the Constitution for which you are arguing.
You must provide at least two historical examples for why the component of the Constitution is or is not necessar.
Some Rubric (1)
Some Rubric (1)
Criteria Ratings Pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAppropriateness and Focus: Do you have a clear thesis that makes a specific, insightful claim concerning your chosen topic?
15 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStructure and Organization: Does the overall organization of the paper follow naturally from the controlling thesis?
15 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeSupporting Evidence: Does the paper include full and specific evidence in support of the thesis? Does your analysis reflect an understanding of your topic, especially as concerns the materials we’ve covered in the course?
25 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeStyle and Clarity: Style, grammar, punctuation, etc.
15 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeResource Requirements: Do you cite at least four sources other than the textbook? Is one of these sources the U.S. Constitution? Does each citation come from a reputable source?
15 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeFunctional Requirements: Is your paper 2-3 pages long? Has it been written in 12-point font and double-spaced? Did you include parenthetical citations or footnotes/endnotes, in addition to a works cited page?
15 pts
Total Points: 100

Editorial Analysis 3: Al Jazeera (online). This should be a 5-7 sentence analysi

Editorial Analysis 3: Al Jazeera (online). This should be a 5-7 sentence analysis describing a hard-news article, no opinions or column pieces, but hard political news. You will read it, analyze it, and write a paragraph describing the issue and your educated opinions on it. You will include the link to the article to the document and submit it here. It will be APA formatting, and clear, correct grammar. This is a pass/fail assignment.

Policy Implementation You are required to produce 15 pages slides (i.e power poi

Policy Implementation
You are required to produce 15 pages slides (i.e power point) (of no more than 850 words) answering the question “to what extent and for what reasons should we expect variation in the degree of Bureaucratic Drift from case to case?”
The slides MUST be structured using the following format
Slide 1: A short definition of Bureaucratic Drift
Slide 2-3: A brief description of theories (e.g Principal-Agent Theory) relating to Bureaucratic Drift
Slide 4-6: Theories describing causal mechanism (i.e causes) of Bureaucratic Drift (e.g lack of control mechanism, ethnic dimension (i.e exploitation of autonomy by bureaucrats to privilege members, etc)
Slide 7-8: Extent (Size) of Drift: These slides should include framework or theories describing or classifying size or level of bureaucratic drift
Slide 9-11: Variation: These slides should describe the extent (size or level) we should expect variation in the degree of bureaucratic drift to from case to case (i.e for different policies). The argument(s) should be backed with evidence (theories at the very least). Empirical evidence (if available) can be included to support the argument
Slide 12-13: Variation: These slides should describe the reasons for the variation from case to case. The argument(s) should be backed with evidence (theories at the very least). Empirical evidence (if available) can be included to support the argument
Slide 14-15: Summary of slides 2-13
The following are references may be cited
Weber, M. (1921). “Bureaucracy”. Essays in Sociology
Dunleavy P. (1991). “Democracy, Bureaucracy and Public Choice: Economic Expectation in Political Science”. London: Harvester. Chapter 6-8
McCubbins, Mathew and Thomas Schwartz (1984). “Congressional Oversight Overlooked: Policy Patrols versus Fire Alarms.” American Journal of Political Science. Vol 28, no 1 (February) 165-79
Immergut, E. (1990). Institutions, Veto Points, and Policy Results: A Comparative Analysis of Health Care. Journal of Public Policy. No 4, 391-416

Hello, This order regarding the first part of my capstone project, ill order mor

Hello, This order regarding the first part of my capstone project, ill order more later when the doctor gives us part 2, 3 and so on.
So for the first part follow the instruction exactly.
The project will be( About 89% of Emiratis work in public sector while 11% of them work in privet sector )
Title of the work (that gives an indication of the policy issue/goal) So you choose the title that fits on this requirement.
A. Why is it an issue .
B. What evidence is available (that defines the problem and makes it an acceptable policy issue)
C. What is the policy goal of the project?
D. How would you like to complete the work.
(You must think about and use the steps discussed in Slide 2 and 3 of the Guide ) (Must avoid guessing, prejudice, and copy other works)

DUE: Nov. 21 OR Dec. 12, at 11:30 p.m. LENGTH: 800 words (+ or – 10% . . . not i

DUE: Nov. 21 OR Dec. 12, at 11:30 p.m.
LENGTH: 800 words (+ or – 10% . . . not including the reference list)
WORTH: 35%
THE OBJECTIVES:
The goals of this assignment are to:
Practice a form of political participation that is open to almost anyone: writing an op-ed. Op-eds are short essays that express an informed opinion on an important public issue. Writing such a piece will also help you to understand opinion pieces you read.
Explore problems of democratic backsliding in Canada’s political institutions.
Originally, newspapers ran these essays opposite the editorial page (hence the name). They are signed by their authors, who usually have special knowledge on the subject matter. The Toronto Star regularly runs a feature called “The Big Debate” that consists of side-by-side “pro” and “con” op-ed pieces. You can see recent examples here: https://www.thestar.com/opinion/contributors/thebigdebate.html
See also the slides on “Writing Op-eds” and examples from the slides, which are all posted on D2L under Workshops.
THE DELIVERABLE:
In this assignment, you will take a position on a possible reform of a political institution and write a “debate-style” op-ed piece. This means you will first support your position using evidence from peer-reviewed or trustworthy sources. You will then answer critics of your position; the evidence from critics may come from a less authoritative source, like another op-ed, press release, etc. Questions you will consider are how the proposed reform would stop democratic backsliding or reduce the democratic deficit. You will need to discuss costs and trade-offs.
POSSIBLE TOPICS:
In general, you should be exploring these “big” questions as they relate to democracy:
Are there too many barriers to voting and/or participation in policy-making?
Do some groups (e.g., rich people) have too much control of the system?
Could the machinery of government work better, especially for the average person?
Does our electoral system over-represent certain segments of the electorate?
Here are more manageable topics. This list is not exhaustive.
Alternative electoral rules, e.g., mandatory voting, ranked ballots, proportional representation, lower voting age
One person one vote (rebalancing regional or urban/rural representation)
Reforms to permit greater participation (in voting / elected office / public hearings, etc.) of women / BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, People of Colour)?
A new constitutional deal for cities
New rules for Parliament (see “Blood Sport” reading)
Should the Senate be abolished / reformed / left alone?
Is the Prime Minister and/or cabinet too powerful?
Should backbenchers have more power?
Should public servants be more accountable and less “faceless”?
Should government scientists and other bureaucrats be free to speak to the media?
Is judicial activism good or bad for democracy?
What sort of police reforms could restore/improve public support of this institution?

Research Paper must be between 2,500-3,000 words, typed and double-spaced, in le

Research Paper must be between 2,500-3,000 words, typed and double-spaced, in length not counting appendices or the compulsory title page or bibliography. The paper must be formatted in Times New Roman or Calibri 12pt font with 2.54 cm margins all around. Paper must include research with a MINIMUM of 12 references. Of these, reference at least SIX relevant academic sources (this minimum is only a recommendation – you can of course reference more academic sources). The other six sources must come from reputable media sources, think tanks, interest groups, and governmental publications. The assignment must include a bibliography and title page. References must follow a standard citation style (e.g., ASA, Chicago, or MLA), and must include specific page references for quoted passages. Topics for essay include, Polarization in American Congress and the Executive Branch, The Impact of Trump on Polarization, The Media and Polarization, and Race and Polarization.

Due Date: Thursday 21 October. Worth: 40% Length: 1,500 words Purpose: 1) Having

Due Date: Thursday 21 October. Worth: 40% Length: 1,500 words Purpose: 1) Having engaged with topics that explore major global issues, and how they impact on rights and responsibilities, we now ask you to explain and apply your understanding of global citizenship. 2) The aim of this assignment is for you to provide a definition of global citizenship as it relates to rights and responsibilities, and then relate that definition to either the Conflict. 3) Task: Write an essay of 1,500 words (+/-10%) that: • Provides your definition of global citizenship as you see it relating to rights and responsibilities. • Applies your definition of global citizenship to the challenges posed by Conflict, and to actions in response to this, and assesses whether and how global citizens: o Engage with challenges to the rights of others o Take responsibility to address those issues Guidelines: Your writing approach: • This is not a descriptive activity. You need to produce an argument that is academically informed, and linked (with correct referencing) to our course readings and other relevant academic sources. • Your assignment should be structured as an essay, with an introduction that sets out your argument, body paragraphs that support and evidence that argument, and a conclusion that restates your position. • You need to provide an in-text citation whenever you paraphrase, summarise, or quote the work of another scholar, and include a reference list of all the sources you have cited at the end of your essay. Your argument: • Your argument should be based around your chosen definition of global citizenship, so look to cover this early in your essay by foregrounding it in the introduction and then discussing it in detail in your first body paragraph. • Your definition can be one you have formulated yourself, a definition produced by someone else, or a compilation of several definitions. You can also apply the idea of global citizenship at the level of individuals, social groups, institutions and/or governments. However, you should engage with the framework of global citizenship and with the idea of rights and responsibilities that we have dealt with in this course. You will not do well in this assignment if you do not mention rights, responsibilities, and global citizenship. • Your definition of global citizenship should then be carried forward into your discussion of Conflict. You can choose to look at either issue broadly, or adopt a narrower focus to consider a specific challenge that issue poses. 1 • In discussing the issue you focus on, you should demonstrate your understanding of how it impacts on people and their rights. You should also consider the appropriate responses global citizens might make to it. • You should demonstrate critical engagement with the concept of global citizenship in relation to the issue you focus on, so your analysis might consider: o What are the potential benefits of global citizenship for addressing that issue? o How might this be done in practice at the different levels of responsibility FAQs: • How many references should we use? This is an academic essay, so you will need to use the relevant course readings plus a reasonable number of other academic sources. You should re-read the required readings for your chosen topic. The exact number of references will depend on the topic you have chosen and how you use the sources, but we would expect a minimum of 5 academic sources to pass the assignment, and about 10-12 for an A-grade essay. • Can we reference websites? Yes, but only as supporting sources. Your main references should be from peer- reviewed academic journals and academic books. You should also take care to check the quality of sources. Political websites, extreme right or left wing media sources, and campaign websites are not the best sources of information. I have attached four readings from class for you.