1)- 250 words: In Chapter 2 you learned about the protections found in the const

1)- 250 words: In Chapter 2 you learned about the protections found in the constitution and how they are applied in Criminal procedure. Taking what you learned from reading the chapter and the required resources please take some time to research the cases mentioned below answer the following:
The tension between crime control and individual liberty extends throughout Western and U.S. history. Are you willing to give up some of your individual liberty on order to control crime? For example, allowing the police increased authority to search someone on order to catch more criminals. Yes or no, why or why not?
Samaha, J. (2017). Criminal Procedure (10th Edition). Cengage Learning US. https://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781337514903

the section below consists of smaller questions must be 250 words–
1. Please find a news article/story about a recent criminal act (within the past year) that was committed by a female and provide a summary of the case.
2. According to the eText have female arrests increased? Why?
3. What are some of the crimes females are typically arrested for?
4. Please use one of the gender differences explanations/theories in chapter 2 to discuss why the female you discussed in #1 committed the crime.
Resources for second part :
https://bjs.ojp.gov/data-collection/ncvs
https://www.fbi.gov/services/cjis/ucr/
Siegel, L. J. (2018). Criminology: The Core (7th Edition). Cengage Learning US. https://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781337670531

No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper. Resources should

No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper.
Resources should be summarized or paraphrased with appropriate in-text and Resource page citations.
A little background: One of the most important aspects of finding out more about crime and “why people do what they do” is to understand what Criminologists have already determined. Research raises our awareness of the things that we should pay close attention to. It creates a photo of what has happened, what may happen and what we can do to prevent things from happening (from a policy perspective).
Criminologists, and other scholars, tell us these things by publishing their research findings in academic peer reviewed journals. The idea is to know what research exists and to find gaps in the content areas that are in need of further research in an effort to conduct research to help create yet an even more comprehensive picture of a crime, criminal behavior, policy, and to suggest a policy!
For this assignment, you will start the process of research and identifying a gap in the literature (i.e. an area in need of further research)! Your goal is to synthesize information that exists about a topic and then identify a research question that would help a Criminologist to explore the topic further. You will carry this topic throughout this course- so be sure to pick a topic that interests you!
You are to do the following for this assignment:
Pick a broad topic area about crime that interests you (for example, homicide)
Pick a demographic variable that you think may affect that topic (for example, where one lives)
Identify 2 variables (one independent (IV) and one dependent variable (DV)). One of the variables will be the demographic variable that you chose in the question above. For example, in the example above, Homicide would be my dependent variable and where one lives would be my independent variable. You can think of a “cause and effect” relationship to determine which is your independent and which is your dependent variable.
Now create a research question. Research questions are frequently used in Criminology. This is because we often cannot “prove” anything, but we can suggest relationships. Research questions assess the possible relationship between variables. They are often in the format of: “To what extent, if any, is X related to Y.” Of course, the wording may be a little different, but hopefully you get the idea!
Log into the UMGC library and pick a data base (such as Sage) to start researching what research exists about your topic and the other variable you have chosen. You are to use academic peer reviewed articles only.
Choose 3 peer reviewed academic articles for each of each variables (you will have six articles total- 3 for your IV and 3 for your DV). Write an annotated bibliography for each of your articles. Pay special attention to the similarities and differences in regards to what they are saying about your topic. Provide a brief summary of the article, and spend at least a paragraph discussing the similarities and differences between the topical articles.
Format Requirements
Paper must be double spaced, 11 or 12 pt font and 1”margins all around.
All APA 7th edition format requirements must be followed (cover page, in text citations, reference page). Refer to APA/UMGC – learning resources found in the content page of this course.
You must have resources to support your thoughts/opinions/information. These must be cited both in text as well as at the end of the document. Your paper should not contain direct quotes, sourced material must be paraphrased.

In your opinion, what do you believe to be the most valuable aspect of research

In your opinion, what do you believe to be the most valuable aspect of research in Criminology?
Identify a topic that you think could benefit from further research and discuss why and what a possible policy implication may be as a result of the findings of the research.
What is one question that you have after reading about research in the social sciences?

What are the limits to a fundamental right to marry, according to Gerstmann? Wha

What are the limits to a fundamental right to marry, according to Gerstmann? What reasons does he give for distinguishing same sex marriage from plural marriages, and of incestuous marriages? Are these reasons founded in positive law made by judicial decisions, or by natural law reasoning? How does traditions apply to each? What is your own view? Is that view a result of your own sense of morality, or is it a result of a rational reconsideration of the law?
They must be 3-4 pages in length, double spaced, with 1¼ inch margins on all sides, and a normal 12 point font (Times New Roman or equivalent); this will amount to about 1000 or more.
This time, you MUST provide at least 5 page citations. Otherwise there will be a five point penalty.
You MUST also provide a Works Cited list (even if it only one work). Otherwise there will be a five point penalty.
See below for detailed instructions.

Based on your reading, how did the role of the NAACP differ from the roles of di

Based on your reading, how did the role of the NAACP differ from the roles of direct action protesters, such as by Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., and John Lewis (there were plenty of others). What was it that the legal organization (the NAACP) sought to achieve? How were the goals of groups like the Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) or the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)? To what extent where they rivals (and why were they), and to what extent were their efforts complementary? How does Klarman assess the impact each had on the success of the Civil Rights movement, in terms of goals such as school desegregation, ending discrimination in public places, and in achieving voting rights? What lessons might this have for seeking to understand the relation of law to politics?
They must be 3-4 pages in length, double spaced, with 1¼ inch margins on all sides, and a normal 12 point font (Times New Roman or equivalent); this will amount to about 1000 or more.
You should properly document works cited in an appropriate citation style (APA, Chicago, or MLA). For this assignment, please use parenthetical citation, and not footnotes.

Assignment Objectives Students will be expected to identify and discuss stress-p

Assignment Objectives
Students will be expected to identify and discuss stress-producing factors with methods for curbing stress reactions.
Assignment Description
You are an environmental behavioral specialist for criminal justice professionals in the law enforcement field. The chief of police has asked you to review the seven-person undercover narcotics unit because there have been several internal affairs investigations involving excessive use of force, mishandling of evidence, and mishandling of informants. The chief knows the six men and one woman on the team and believes they are all good officers.
He uses them outside of narcotics work to make death notifications to families when someone dies in an accident or crime. He also knows they have been doing a lot of excessive drinking on the job and after work. They are highly productive in terms of quality cases and seizures of controlled substances, and they are working around the clock, on some cases 24 or 36 hours in a row. You must evaluate the situation and provide the chief with suggestions.
In a report to the chief of police, you will cite the findings of your research and observations with recommendations to the chief. Statements of fact in your presentation require that you cite the reference from which you obtained the information in the text of the paper and that the reference be included in your reference page. As always, your paper will be submitted in the current edition of APA format. No abstract is required because this is a short position paper, but a title page, reference page, and appropriate running header with page numbers should be included.
Assignment Guidelines
Address the following in 4 pages:
How does stress impact discretion on the part of the team members? Explain.
Select 2 areas of discretion for a narcotics team, and describe the possible temptations in these areas.
How could the additional assignment of death notifications affect members of the team? Explain.
How does the microcosm of the police agency insulate itself from the community? Explain.
How do special teams like narcotics or SWAT take this one step further? Explain.
How can overcoming the fight or flight syndrome lead to unnecessary heroics, putting the members of the unit in danger? Explain.
Identify 2 issues in the handling of social and professional relationships under stress conditions in the unit.
How can these issues arise? Explain.
How can racial and ethnic demographics contribute to bias in this type of unit? Explain.

One page, double spaced, APA format with references. TOPIC: Cases involving sexu

One page, double spaced, APA format with references.
TOPIC: Cases involving sexual abuse of children pose a special problem for a proportionality analysis under the Eighth Amendment’s Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause. Such crimes inflict the immediate damage of the criminal conduct, but also the likelihood of lifetime emotional injury. On the other hand, a crime of “offensive touching” a child is not the same as rape or murder of that child. In Hanf v. State, 182 S0. 2d 704 (Fla. App. 2015) the defendant was sentenced to life in prison for lewd and lascivious molestation of a child under 12 years of age. (Florida has eliminated parole for most crimes.) The criminal conduct was “unwanted touching” of the child’s breast. The appeals court affirmed the sentence, holding that it was not “grossly disproportionate” to the crime. What are the relevant facts to consider when making such a determination? Is the dissent correct?

One page, double spaced, APA format with references. TOPIC: Defendant, while not

One page, double spaced, APA format with references.
TOPIC: Defendant, while not a member of the New York street gang “Latin Kings,” regularly transported gang members and drugs in illegal drug transactions. In one incident, she was told to be available to drive a gang member away from a crime after the gang member finished the job. She was not told the crime included killing a rival gang member. At the appointed spot the gang member got in her car, and she drove him away. The gang member was convicted of murdering the rival gang member. Can the defendant be convicted of murder? If not can she be convicted of being an accessory after the fact to murder under the federal accessory after the fact statute, 18 U.S.C. § 3? What must the prosecution prove for such a conviction? See United States v. Calderon, 785 F.3d 847 (2nd Cir. 2015), cert denied 136 S. Ct. 252 (2015).

One page, double spaced, APA format with references. TOPIC: It is common for sta

One page, double spaced, APA format with references.
TOPIC: It is common for state statutes involving crimes committed while using a “deadly weapon” or a “dangerous weapon” to specify certain kinds of weapons (pistol, rifle, long knife, and so forth) and leave it to courts to determine when other instruments qualify as “deadly or dangerous” weapons. Is a BB gun a “deadly weapon”? How did the court answer that in People v. Ackah- Essien, 874 N.W.2d 172 (Mich. App. 2015)? Is that the right answer?

One page, double spaced, plus APA format references. TOPIC: In cases of alleged

One page, double spaced, plus APA format references.
TOPIC: In cases of alleged sexual assault where there is no evidence of bodily injury or forcible rape, such as “date-rape” cases, the non-consent of the victim establishes the sexual assault. This is particularly true in the (relatively few) jurisdictions that have no requirement of force or compulsion. Is non-consent an element of the crime? If so, is evidence offered by the defendant to prove con- sent an affirmative defense? Who has the duty to prove consent or non-consent, the prosecution or the defendant? If it is the prosecution, what duty if any does the defendant have? See State v. W.R., 336 P.3d 1134 (Wash. 2014).