MLA Formatting 12-15 pages 7-10 peer-reviewed sources (books/articles) Asa Brigg

MLA Formatting
12-15 pages
7-10 peer-reviewed sources (books/articles)
Asa Briggs’ Victorian Cities is a mainstay of research on Victorian cities. Briggs was a preeminent historian, and his work makes the assumptions that a historian of the top caliber makes.
Determine in what ways literary analysis of particular literary works in the Victorian era might add to and challenge the assumptions of this classic study of Victorian cities.
The essay should be concrete and engaged in close readings of both literature and history, particularly Briggs’ version of it.

n this essay, make sure: s To begin with an introduction that catches the atten

n this essay, make sure:
s To begin with an introduction that catches the attention of the reader and draws them in
s Your essay has a point, or a reason for why you are telling the reader about it.
s That you use details to ‘show’ the reader your life event
s To put your essay in a logical order so that your reader can follow along
s To provide enough background information so that your reader fully understands
s To include dialogue if it helps to tell your story
Requirements:
· Essays should be at least 1-2 pages in length (at least ONE FULL PAGE)
· Students should properly format their essays – this means they are in MLA format: Times New Roman, 12 point font, double spaced, 1 inch margins, and with the appropriate header.
· Students will create their own title for the essay

Reading Assignment Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” In addition

Reading Assignment
Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”
In addition to the required reading, here are some other resources that I recommend checking out (not required but *highly* recommended):
Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short essay, “Why I Wrote ‘The Yellow Wallpaper https://www.americanyawp.com/reader/18-industrial-america/charlotte-perkins-gilman-why-i-wrote-the-yellow-wallpaper-1913/'”
Kathryn Hughes’s essay, “House of Horror: The Poisonous Power of Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s ‘The Yellow Wallpaper.’ https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2020/feb/07/charlotte-perkins-gilman-yellow-wallpaper-strangeness-classic-short-story-exhibition” Written for The Guardian, this essay touches on the racial undertones of Gilman’s text, the story’s connection to the present day #MeToo movement, as well as the ways in which Gilman’s work resonates with contemporary visual artists.
Discussion Prompt
“The Yellow Wallpaper” is often described by literary scholars as a feminist text. (In the simplest terms, “feminism” can be understood as: The belief that all genders should have equal rights, power, and opportunities. Feminists recognize that gender inequalities exist in our society and they fight to dismantle the social, political, and economic hierarchies that subordinate people based on their gender). Do you agree with the claim that Gilman’s story, “The Yellow Wallpaper,” is a feminist text? In what way(s) does “The Yellow Wallpaper” address gender inequality? To answer these questions, you might consider any of the following:
The power dynamic between the narrator and her husband (John)
The kind of language that John uses when addressing his wife (how he talks to her)
How the narrator’s attitude and feelings toward her husband evolve over the course of the narrative
Discrepancies in how the narrator describes her husband’s behavior and treatment of her versus how we, as readers, perceive his behavior
The role of the baby (who is only mentioned a few times) in the story and/or the narrator’s position as a wife and new mother
The narrator’s perception of an obsession with the wallpaper in the nursery, including how her perception/hallucination of the wallpaper’s sub-pattern may reflect her own condition/situation, and the situation of women more generally
The relationship between mental health and gender oppression
The medical establishment’s treatment of women (as represented by John, who combines two positions of authority in a single character: husband and physician)
The story’s ambiguous conclusion (what happens? is the traditional male-female power dynamic subverted in the story’s final moment? and/or does the narrator suffer a complete mental breakdown?)
How the story connects with feminist movements today, such as the #MeToo movement (mentioned in Kathryn Hughes’s essay, linked above)
Whichever topic, or topics, you choose to focus on, make sure that, at some point in your response, you include textual evidence–i.e. a short quotation (no more than a couple of sentences, but even a well-selected phrase would suffice)–from “The Yellow Wallpaper.” Explain how the quotation supports your response/interpretation.

Reading Assignment Read Edgar Allan Poe’s short fiction story, “The Cask of Amon

Reading Assignment
Read Edgar Allan Poe’s short fiction story, “The Cask of Amontillado”
Read “Narration and Point of View” (pp. 110-115 in the Norton Intro to Literature, 12th Edition) and/or read my PowerPoint summary Download PowerPoint summary of the textbook’s discussion of narration.
A few key points to always have in my mind when you’re reading literature:
Fiction = an invented, imagined, made-up story
Nonfiction = a true account of real events
The narrator in a work of fiction is NOT the author. The voice telling the story (narrating) comes from a character who was made-up (invented) by the author. It is not the real voice of the author. Therefore, the personality and opinions of the narrator are not necessarily related to the personality/opinions of the author. Although sometimes authors do create fictional characters that are similar to who they really are, or somehow reflect their real personality, this is not always the case.
Discussion Prompt
Select one of the following questions to respond to:
Option # 1) What evidence does the text provide that Montresor is an unreliable narrator? Quote and analyze a passage that you believe indicates Montresor’s unreliability. Specifically, which aspects of Montresor’s narrative seem doubtful or suspect? Please note: To say that Montresor’s narrative is “unreliable” is not to say that we shouldn’t believe anything that happens in it, but rather, that the author, Poe, does not want his readers to align their perspective entirely with Montresor’s perspective. In other words, “unreliability” indicates that there is something problematic about Montresor’s understanding of (or attitude toward) the very events he his narrating. How would you characterize the “problematic” aspect(s) of his perspective?
Option # 2) Does the story ever reveal Montresor’s motivation for murder? Does the story in any way hint at the nature of the “insult” that Montresor feels compelled to revenge? If yes, try to characterize the type of “insult” that Montresor has experienced by using textual evidence (quotes from the story). If not, what do you think Poe’s point was in leaving the murder motive vague?

Before you read and respond to the Discussion prompt, read through my overview o

Before you read and respond to the Discussion prompt, read through my overview of “close reading” (posted below). It will prepare you for the Close Reading Write-Up assignment , and also help you to answer today’s Discussion prompt.
What is Close Reading?
Close reading is the thoughtful, critical analysis of a text. When we close read, we focus on significant details and patterns in order to develop a deep and precise understanding of the text’s meaning and form. Let’s break down what I mean by meaning and form. As readers, we need to understand what the text is about (in other words, we must grasp the content of the text). The “what” or the “content” is often referred to as the meaning or message of the literary text. But in addition to analyzing what a literary text is about, we can also discuss how the author uses language rhetorically—the “how” aspect of literature is often referred to as the form of a text. It might also be called the craft of a text. When we close read, we try to read on two levels at once: we try to understand both “the what” (what’s this story about? what happens? what messages circulate in this text?) and “the how” (how does the author use language to create a certain impression or emotional experience within the reader?). In literary writing, the “how” usually connects in a significant way to the “what.” The reason the “how” and the “what” connect in literature is because literary authors use the rhetorical features of language—such as metaphor, imagery, unique syntactical or grammatical constructions, pacing, tone, point of view, rhythm, etc.—in order to reinforce the work’s overall meaning. When you close read a work of literature, you are able to explain, in great detail, how the author’s creative use of language (i.e. his or her use of rhetorical devices and structural elements) contributes in significant ways to what the text means. In a nutshell, close reading is about recognizing that the rhetorical quality of language is not just a pretty “add-on”; it is absolutely central to grasping the meaning.
So to sum-up:
To conduct a “close reading” of a literary text, you must focus on:
observing how the author uses language, i.e. describing the text’s formal features (its structure, linguistic patterns, metaphors, tone, imagery, rhymes, etc.)
elucidating/explaining how the text’s formal features contribute in a significant way to the text’s content (i.e. what the text is about, its themes, messages, meanings, etc.)
In the “close reading” approach, you do not need to bring in historical or biographical information about the author. Instead, all of your energy should be focused on analyzing the specific words that appear in the text. Your first step, in a close reading, should be to identify interesting linguistic details and patterns. Sometimes you will be able to name these details/patterns using classic literary device terminology (for instance, you might identity a “metaphor,” “a simile,” or “juxtaposition”). However, there are other times when you will observe something interesting happening at the level of a text’s form, but you will not be able to think of a literary term to sum up what’s happening in the text. That is perfectly alright. In a close reading, it is much more important to thoughtfully and thoroughly describe what you see happening in the text’s language than it is to throw out a bunch of terminology. Even if you can think of a term to describe what you see, you should not just call it a “metaphor” and leave it at that, but instead, you should describe, in detail, how the metaphor functions (i.e. what is being compared to what, what makes that comparison surprising or notable, what associations might that comparison trigger in the mind of the reader, etc. etc.). After you have spent a significant amount of time describing the interesting linguistic detail or pattern, then, and only then, will you be in a position to comment on HOW it contributes to the text’s overall meaning.
Discussion Prompt
The story that we’re discussing this week, “Girl” by Jamaica Kincaid, is difficult to understand if you ignore the rhetorical qualities of Kincaid’s language. The story is very short, but Kincaid has chosen each word with a tremendous amount of care. In order to come to a critical understanding of the piece, it is necessary to be extremely observant. Although close reading ultimately involves interpreting a text, the first step is always observation. As you read “Girl,” try to observe as many interesting details as you can about the way the author uses language. For instance, when I look at it, several interesting things about the language jump out at me: I realize that all the sentences sound like commands or directions; the author hasn’t made it clear who’s point of view is being represented (there are no character names); and I also notice that there is very fast-paced rhythm to all the sentences (it feels like they just keep coming without any pauses). Those are just a few examples of details about the language that I notice. For your Discussion response, pick one interesting thing about the language that you noticed (you can use one of the ones I just mentioned, but better yet, come up with something different). Describe how you think the language is working. What makes it unique or notable? Then, try to come up with an interpretation of WHY the author chose to use language in that way. How does it help Kincaid create a certain message or meaning? What do you think Kincaid is ultimately trying to express in this short story?
Bonus Discussion Prompt (worth 10 extra-credit points)
Is there an identifiable plot in “Girl”? If there is, indeed, a “plot,” it certainly doesn’t follow the traditional narrative structure that we read about in the textbook and discussed in relation to James Baldwin’s “Sonny’s Blues.” Nonetheless, are there subtle ways in which Kincaid uses language to demonstrate the passage of time? How much time passes in the story? Is there a moment of climax? How is conflict portrayed in this story and/or resolved? (You don’t necessarily need to answer all of these questions in your response; it’s fine to focus on one or two of them). In your response, please quote the story to support your interpretation.
Article for assignment: https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1978/06/26/girl

https://uwm.edu/cultures-communities/wp-content/uploads/sites/219/2018/01/Sonnys

https://uwm.edu/cultures-communities/wp-content/uploads/sites/219/2018/01/SonnysBlues.Baldwin.pdf
For this discussion forum, please answer one (only one!) of the following prompts:
Option #1) “Sonny’s Blues” begins in media res. What does Baldwin achieve by beginning the story this way? In order to answer this question, you’ll need to discuss the story’s opening paragraph (which begins, “I read about it in the paper…”). How did this paragraph affect you as a reader? What information does it give the reader, and what information does it withhold? When the narrator says, “I stared at it in the swinging lights of the subway car, and in the faces and bodies of the people, and in my own face,” what do you think “it” refers to? What is this “it” that he sees in other people and in his own face?
Option #2) The textbook introduce various key terms related to plot, including the term “climax,” which the textbook defines as the moment in the plot of greatest emotional intensity and/or a moment when a certain outcome is decided. Which moment in “Sonny’s Blues” do you think serves as the “climax”? Quote the sentence or sentences that you think make up the story’s climax, and, then, try to make a persuasive argument for why that particular moment should be seen as the climax.
Option #3) Other important terms that the textbook introduces are “conflict” and “resolution.” What do you see as the central “conflict” in “Sonny’s Blues”? You should describe this conflict in your own words, but also include quotations from the story to support your descriiption of the conflict. How does the story “resolve” the conflict? Again, describe the “resolution” using your own words but also quote the story to support the claim you’re making about how the conflict resolves. (You should note that a “resolution” doesn’t necessarily mean there’s a happy ending, but simply that the tension fueling the conflict has somehow been released or modified).
Whichever prompt you decide to answer, your response needs to demonstrate to me that you’ve read the entire story carefully and that you’ve spent time thinking about the story’s deeper meanings.

In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare covers some “hot topics” including: teenage lov

In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare covers some “hot topics” including: teenage love, parent/child relationships, betrayal, and more.
In a well-developed essay, discuss:
What age is appropriate for teenagers to make their own decisions? Juliet is approximately 13 years old, and Romeo is slightly older. Do you feel like they are responsible? What can teenagers do to prove they are responsible young adults?
Be sure to proofread your essay, checking for correct capitalization, grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Make sure your essay has an introduction, body, and conclusion.

‘The way in which each section is narrated – either by the character whose story

‘The way in which each section is narrated – either by the character whose story we are witnessing or by someone else (e.g. an authorial narrator) – has consequences for the manner in which we as readers tend to “hear” or understand it.’
ESSAY QUESTION: (Doloughan, 2019, p. 191)
Write an essay in which you discuss the role of the narrators in Ali Smith’s Hotel World. How do the different modes of narration contribute to the meaning of the novel?

Each of these questions asks you to write an essay of no more than 2000 words on a particular theme or feature of a Book 1 text. If you choose Option 1, you are asked to write an essay on the role of the narrators in Ali Smith’s Hotel World. If you choose Option 2, you are asked to write an essay on the use and functions of the supernatural, ghostly imagery in Edmund Blunden’s Undertones of War. If you choose Option 3, you are asked to write an essay on the exploration of love in all its forms in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. In each case, you are asked to focus specifically on how each of these themes or features contributes to the book’s meaning.
Each question is prefaced by a quote excerpted from one of the module chapters. Each of these quotes is taken from a wider discussion of the themes or features identified in the TMA question. (In some cases, the quotes have been adapted slightly for the purposes of clarity.) You should pay particular attention to the points or arguments made in the quoted section of the question and you may find it useful to engage with or address these directly as you write your essay. You will also find it useful to reread the relevant sections of the module chapter carefully as you prepare for your TMA.
While the module chapters will provide your most immediate source of critical commentary on the issues raised in the TMA question, you might also want to draw on the work of other critics. The references at the end of the module chapters will point you in the direction of useful books and articles relevant to the TMA question, as will the Further Reading pages for each text posted on the A233 website.
For advice on how to structure and write essays, look at section 5.4 of the Assessment Guide and at ‘How to write an English Literature essay’ in the English Literature toolkit, which can be found on the English subject website. You can also look at the extensive Study Skills section of the Help Centre, available via StudentHome.
‘How to write an English Literature essay’ includes a section of tips on ‘Using the critics’. The online and print teaching materials for Part 1 have given you practice in reading and thinking about critics’ work; for example, see study week 9 (on Hotel World), study week 11, section 6 (Undertones of War) and study week 13 (The God of Small Things).
REFERENCE : Doloughan, F. (2019) ‘Ali Smith, Hotel World: a close reading’, in Gibson, J. (ed.) Realism. Milton Keynes: The Open University, pp. 185–216.

Both chapters have been attached, please use them 🙂 Also, please do not include an introduction as I have a lot of word count to fill up.

This segment we are going to talk about is persuasion. What are we gonna discuss

This segment we are going to talk about is persuasion. What are we gonna discuss is the reason why persuasion so important. I’m going to try to persuade you on why working out is good and what are the benefits of working out.
First one I can tell you of working out is good for you because I want to help you motivate you persuasion on doing graders and he’s pushing your self to your limits The reason why I’m working out is so good for you is one is a stress reliever he continues on peeing why does greater things that you are doing great for your body. Also it’s where does things that you are very surprised what you can actually do it and when you achieve your goals. Most likely you’re going to feel good about yourself because you are going to be doing greater things are going to be continuing on pushing him and excelling on great things that you have never seen or tell me one before but if you want to go out there and continue on pushing yourself. I just wanted to say is that you have to push yourself and achieve those goals in your life regardless of whatever you’re going through with his depression stress work anxiety those are the things that you could use those tools to help you guide you through the process of getting stuff done.
So basically want to tell you is that you need to go out there and she something as you know is your fitness he keeps you healthy he keeps you living longer and keeps you doing everything the greater good as possible when you do your fitness goals it helps you live longer and cheese things better for yourself. Also when you start eating right getting your diet down you start to see all those pounds in weight going off and it’s just so much rewarding if you start seeing details of your own body that you have achieved in all the stuff that you’ve been pushing yourself through is so much better for you.
So after all of this is that I have been telling you guys about pushing yourself it’s easier motivation to get things done how are you need to get them done is it’s very rewarding very satisfying on her what I’m trying to tell you is that I need to try to go out there and do something exciting go out there and just do something totally unexpected

Read The Canterbury Tales – The Prologue. Writing Prompt: Chaucer’s Prologue des

Read The Canterbury Tales – The Prologue. Writing Prompt: Chaucer’s Prologue describes various people in connection with their profession. Analyze the Skipper’s description. Explain two things the Skipper’s description reveals about people in his occupation. Written in Times New Roman Size 12 and double spaced.