Use The research proposal to come up with introduction,
justification, methods, analysis
Interview athletes in college (can make up realistic data) 6
Make up 6 questions to ask each participant including the
results (can tweak my questions that were in the final proposal *
The main research is about figuring out whether religion or spirituality
is effective in sport.
Which one if more effective? Is it due to influence,
location, educational setting etc.
Can add more to this ^ there must find a gap in knowledge
Abstract (250 words or less)
your research question
how this research question speaks to a larger theoretical puzzle or gap in
the data that you use to answer your research question
what you find
what these findings suggest about the answer to your research question
why these findings are important
Introduction (3 paragraphs)
the puzzle or gap in the literature that you will address with your
do we know?
do we not know (or not know well enough)?
does the existing research suggest might be the answer to that unanswered
your research question and explain how you answer it
question will you answer? (Or what hypothesis will you test?)
data will you use to answer this question? (Or test this hypothesis?)
do you find?
the importance of your findings
is the answer to your research question?
does this answer broaden, clarify, or challenge existing knowledge/theories?
Justification (1,000 words or less)
the puzzle or gap in the literature that you will address
why this puzzle or gap is important to address
(in more detail than in the intro) what we know about this topic/issue
(in more detail than in the intro) what we do not know about this
your research question
(i.e., “In light of these lingering questions, I seek to examine…”)
how your research question solves the puzzle or fills the gap in the
(i.e., “Answering this question allows me to…”)
*Note: The point of a literature review is not actually to
review all of the relevant literature. The point is to make the case for why
your study is important.
Methods (4-6 short paragraphs)
a brief overview of the study.
your research site, why you chose it, and how you gained access
your research participants (College athletes)
how you identity shaped your
the fieldwork you conducted and the data you collected
how you analyzed the data you collected
the limitations of your study
(i.e., explain how your study is limited by your methodological choices)
2-3 supporting points – how your data support your argument
2-3 patterns in the data that provide evidence for each supporting
an example from your data that typifies this pattern
a brief fieldnote excerpt for that example
explain how this example represents the larger pattern
explain how this pattern provides evidence for the supporting point
*Note: Everything that you include in your analysis should
directly support your argument, and that argument should be the answer to your
research question. A clear structure (with topic sentences and transitions) is
very important for writing an analysis that meets this goal.
Discussion/Conclusion (1,000 words or less)
readers of the puzzle/gap in the literature that you are trying to solve
readers of the specific research question that you have answered
review what you found
explain what these findings imply about the answer to your research
the implications of your findings
how your findings solve the puzzle or fill the gap in the literature
how the resolution of this gap/puzzle helps to clarify, challenge, or
expand existing knowledge or theory
existing literature, explain why your findings are or are not surprising
possible explanations for your findings
existing research to discuss the most likely explanation for your
alternative explanations for your findings and explain (using your data
and/or other research) why these alternative explanations do or do not
by reviewing why these findings (and the larger puzzle/gap they address)