Identify two (or three, if you wish) findings from each of the
sources in this unit that you believe are important or relevant for your work
in the health field. If you plan on working outside of the health field, you
may apply this essay to your chosen vocation. To be clear: you must engage
every one of the texts and videos, explaining 2 or 3 findings from each.
Search for Gender Cues: Cognitive Perspectives on Gender Development
Young children search for cues about gender—who should or
should not do a particular activity, who can play with whom, and why girls and
boys are different. From a vast array of gendered cues in their social worlds,
children quickly form an impressive constellation of gender cognitions,
including gender self-conceptions (gender identity) and gender stereotypes.
Cognitive perspectives on gender development (i.e., cognitive developmental
theory and gender-schema theory) assume that children actively search for ways
to make sense of the social world that surrounds them. Gender identity develops
as children realize that they belong to one gender group, and the consequences
include increased motivation to be similar to other members of their group, preferences
for members of their own group, selective attention to and memory for
information relevant to their own sex, and increased interest in activities
relevant to their own sex. Cognitive perspectives have been influential in
increasing understanding of how children develop and apply gender stereotypes,
and in their focus on children’s active role in gender socialization.