1) Original Discussion post: 250 words with 2 scholarly references. 2) Include

1) Original Discussion post: 250 words with 2 scholarly references.
2) Include 2 answers to two peers: with 200 words each PIERS 1 and 2 docs included below)
3) See rubrics with all that is necessary to include in the Discussusion Post and Piers review (please, incldue each aspect) – Doc uploaded
PIER #1
The theory of unpleasant symptoms as a guide.
by Armando Puentes Camps – Friday, June 3, 2022, 8:33 PM
Number of replies: 0
Miami Regional University.
The theory of unpleasant symptoms as a guide
MSN5270 Advanced Theoretical Perspectives for Nursing
Armando Puentes Camps
Leanne Trigoura, DNP-C, FNP-BC, MSN, APRN
May 21, 2022.
Nursing theories have been useful throughout these years to guide, organize and contribute to the development of clinical practice sustained in a logical and rational manner. The theory under study today (Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms) has established guidelines and pathways where it has allowed us to develop and organize in a group manner different forms of clinical presentation where non-pharmacological forms are analyzed.
According to Lenz (2018), the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms was developed by a group of nurses in their field, research, who were interested in the nature and experience of different symptoms. This has been noted and has been carried into clinical practice, constituting an important advance and an integral approach in nursing practice. The way and form to identify the symptoms, science has discovered one of the key areas of investment in its strategic plan, making it possible to manage them.
According to Cashion and Grady (2018) said that the multitude of symptoms associated with a single disease or in other situations, different cases, occur with comorbid diseases or conditions, in some cases often compromise people’s lived experiences, provides a unique scientific perspective both clinically and clinically, biological characteristics of symptoms and sequelae. Today the role of nurses makes them assume a role of greater responsibility in the management of acute and chronic infections.
It has been increasingly during an important and complex process of literature where it reveals the complexity of different groups of systems. Within this theory there are components where this theory was developed with great plans and development in the future (Lenz 2018).
They stand out within their characteristics as a set of symptoms that occur, different diseases, in a multidimensional way where everything is combined, and a joint solution is attempted. This theory has become the basis on which researchers study the symptoms, in the search for greater management of them for their effective solution, speed and timely response to them.
The theory was designed with the aim of integrating existing knowledge about the variety of symptoms where its overall purpose is to promote and develop nursing practice, achieving better patient care and attention. It was based on the promise where different symptoms converge in common points to achieve balance and stability in recognition of diseases (Lenz 2018). The purpose of this is to improve understanding of the experience of symptoms in various contexts and to provide useful information for designing effective interventions to prevent, ameliorate or manage unpleasant symptoms and their negative effects. Because it is more general than a situation-specific theory that describes or explains a specific symptom, illness, or experience (Cashion & Grady 2018).
References.
Lenz, E. R. (2018). Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms. Middle Range Theory for Nursing; Chapter 9; 179-181.
Cashion, R., Grady L (2018). Theory of unpleasant symptoms. Critical analysis and context; 24(2); 135-139.
PIER #2
Theory of Unpleasant symptoms
by Lidia Vidal – Friday, June 3, 2022, 10:10 AM
Number of replies: 0
Theory of Unpleasant symptoms
I will use the outcome of integrating nursing and related sciences that will provide care to clients in all different and diverse healthcare settings. Since pain is subjective, I will explore that into different ethnic groups and different backgrounds.
The theory was developed in 1995. The primary objective of the theory was to develop a healthcare framework that could be helpful in research n addition to assisting in comprehending the prevention strategies and decreasing the unpleasant symptoms. This theory is typically based on the three primary ideas: the symptoms, the causes influencing the symptoms, and the performance consequences or the consequences resulting from the performance. Generally, the appearance of the unpleasant symptoms is impacted by a variety of factors, including those that are situational, psychological, as well as those that are physiological (Blakeman, 2019). However, the level of distress, the nature of the quality, the degree of intensity, and the length of time vary from symptom to symptom and from one individual to another.
Timing, intensity, distress, and quality are characteristics of patient symptoms that should be looked for in an assessment tool. In general, it is claimed that symptoms will vary in strength, timing (for example, time of start, length), the level of discomfort that the patient suffers, and quality (how they feel). A phenomenon that can occur and is currently referred to as a symptom cluster is when two or more symptoms occur together. Multiple symptoms that occur simultaneously may be the result of the same or distinct causes, and their consequences may be additive or multiplicative, respectively (E Haas, 2017). The TOUS encourages thinking beyond the physical world of care by classifying influential aspects as physiological, psychological, and situational.
Age, gender, and other factors connected to the illness(es) and therapies all fall under physiological considerations. Mood and cognitive state are examples of psychological elements (knowledge about and understanding of the illness). They have a significant impact on the signs and symptoms. The individual does not have control over the situational factors. They emphasize the possible impact on the patient of both their physical and social settings. The experience of symptoms will ultimately result in performance, which can be widely construed to include a person’s ability to function in their cognitive, social, and physical roles.
References
Blakeman, J. R. (2019). An integrative review of the theory of unpleasant symptoms. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 75(5), 946-961. doi:10.1111/Jan. 13906
E Haas, R. (2017). The application of the theory of unpleasant symptoms to the education and practice of nurse anaesthetists. Nursing & Healthcare International Journal, 1(4). doi:10.23880/nhij-16000120

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