The Prompts (Choose One Prompt):
Family, Resilience, and Cultural Rituals/Traditions Themes
Brad Manning’s “Arm Wrestling with My Father,” Amy Tan’s “Fish Cheeks,” and Jamaica Kincaid’s “Girl,” among many other of our class readings, all depict a struggle between parents and children. For this essay explore this question: What impedes communication between parents (or guardians) and children? Your answer is your thesis. One effective way to answer this question is to organize your essay around 2-4ish different impediments. To help you form your 2-4-point categories, think about what has hindered communication between you and one or both your parents, what has hindered communication if you have children, and what has hindered communication in some of the class readings. For example, one category could be cultural differences (this would be a powerful paragraph for those whose parents were born and raised in a country other than the US. Sample Thesis+2-4pts: What impedes communication between parents and children are (choose 2-4+) cultural differences, generational differences, expectational (or moral/ethical) differences, language differences (or if you like, communication differences like that between Manning and his dad), religious differences, emotional barriers, screen-time, parental control, social misunderstandings, etc. (choose 2-4 of either these or others you think would make your argument strong). You could even brainstorm on all these categories to see which is strongest.
So many of our class readings provide examples of resilience and perseverance. For this prompt answer this question: What is resilience or perseverance (choose one)? Divide your answer into 2-4 different categories or types of resilience. Resilience is more when you recover easily from adversity whereas Perseverance is never giving up no matter how difficult. Sample Thesis Statements: 1. Resilience is gained from building connections with others, from fostering wellness (both physical and mental), from finding purpose, from facing fears, and from embracing healthy thoughts. 2. Resilience is best categorized by mental, emotional, social, and physical resilience. 3. “The most remarkable types of perseverance are everyday endurance and moral courage. 4. Qualities that lead to perseverance are a having a sense of humor, having equanimity, and having gratitude. 5. Perseverance is overcoming difficulties such as traumatic childhood experiences, distressing racial injustices, and everyday challenges. 6. Perseverance is not giving up in academics, in sports, and in relationships,
Your Portfolio Version of Essay 3 should be revised to 1750 words;
Essay 2 and 3 should contain at least one more outside source in addition to whatever was required in the original version (so if one outside source was required, add another for the portfolio version; if none was required as in Essay 2, then you’ll just include one outside source).
Portfolio Revision of Essay 3 Due Week 15 (approx.1750 words):
For Essay 3’s Portfolio Revision, work on improving my suggestions, include even more personal, observational, and/or hypothetical stories/examples filled with descriptive elements, add in an additional outside source (so three sources all together), and some Argumentation Techniques you have learned:
Refute Opposing Arguments: Your analysis can also include research findings that contradict the evidence you provide (quoting authorities who disagree with you) so that your argument has fairly represented and critiqued the opposition’s views. By conceding an opposing viewpoint’s strengths (admitting it’s valid), you appear fair; however, be sure to identify its limitations in order to move your argument to more solid ground.
Make Inferences: When you make inferences, what was implicit becomes explicit. What can you assume from the analysis of the quotation? This is also where you draw conclusions about an example based on your own store of experience and information. You can bring in descriptive personal or hypothetical examples/stories or bring in observational examples/stories [like current events, widely agreed upon facts/statistics, etc.]). Also, what can you assume about the creator’s background and biases (like presenting one person more favorably than another). Here you are evaluating the strength of the writer’s argument based on the analysis. Is the writer’s evidence strong? What makes his or her examples strong or weak? Is it one-sided? Can you make any assumptions about the writer based on the answers to these questions?
Analyzing Readings: When you analyze readings (a source’s quotations and paraphrases), if appropriate consider using language such as valid, hypothesis, inference, jumping to conclusion, inductive leap, claim, grounds, warrant, fallacies. If you notice a textual example using pathos, ethos, inductive or deductive reasoning, Toulmin Logic, point it out.
Revising for the Portfolio Version is not the same as editing where one works primarily on the grammar, syntax, and spelling. “Revising” means not just to edit the essay but to rewrite it by adding and deleting material to improve its structure and development. I expect these to be near-flawless since you will have benefited from my detailed input on each essay. You can seek additional help through our Embedded Tutor and/or the ASC’s Tutorial Center (714) 895-8904 (https://www.goldenwestcollege.edu/asc/tutoring/index.html (Links to an external site.)). This is a process; eight drafts would be an average number of revisions per essay.
More specific instructions repeated from earlier modules (just in case you breezed over them without retaining the information): After you’ve revised Essays 2 and 3 based on my suggestions, try to add in at least one more additional quotation from an outside source. Basically, in order to strengthen your argument, add at least one more textual example where you feel it could improve your argument. After finding your additional outside source, perform the usual routine below:
Find a location in your essay to add the source/s
Introduce author’s full name and full article name the first time you cite a source
Introduce each quotation/paraphrase (Cisneros argues, acknowledges, adds, admits, agrees, asserts, believes, claims, comments, confirms, contends, declares, illustrates, implies, insists, notes, observes, points out, reasons, reports, suggests, thinks, writes, “ ”). This is called a Signal Phrase.
To quote, use EXACT words from the text (don’t alter them) and place “quotation marks” around these words. Or you may paraphrase (see below)
To paraphrase, use a reworded, restructured translation of the original quotation (so that the idea is the same, but it looks nothing like the original quotation). Even though you have reworded someone else’s words, you must give the author credit to avoid plagiarism
Include MLA citation to avoid plagiarism. After each quotation/paraphrase, place the writer’s last name and page number in parentheses: “The Carpet-Baggers were greedy crooks” (Wilson 12). Note where the quotations marks end and where the period is located. If you’ve already mentioned the author’s name within the sentence introduction (the Signal Phrase), then omit it in parenthesis (12). If the source is electronic, look for a set page such as that on .pdf articles. If there is no set page on the reading (such as an HTML), you do not need to cite a page.
If there is no author, cite the full article name in the text or an abbreviated title name in parentheses followed by an ellipses (three dots separated by periods) w/ quotation marks around the abbreviated title. For example, “We are overworked by eight hours a day” (“Testimony” 25).
Perform an analysis of the textual example by examining a quotation/paraphrase’s parts such as word choice, tone, figurative language like personification, similes, and metaphors to show how these support the topic sentence.. You can even look at such whole story elements as the title of the story, the main idea/purpose of the story, the structure of the story if these elements help improve our understanding of why you’ve included the example in your paragraph. An analysis can also include inferences (assumptions, interpretations, argumentation approaches from Ch. 14, etc.).
“Works Cited” page is required. This is an alphabetical listing of sources from which you quoted. It is the last page of your essay.You list it as follows: Author. Title of source. Title of container (book, magazine, etc.), Other contributors (like editors), Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location (website or pages if hard copy or pdf).
If you’re still unsure how to cite a source, it’s simple. Google KnightCite, a citation generator. From there make sure the MLA format is highlighted and fill in the blanks. When you hit submit, just cut and paste the result you’re your Works Cited page (you could also use this site if you need to write an essay in APA or other format).
How to Write Your Works Cited: alphabetize, double space and indent one tab for the second/third line.
Essay written by someone other than the editors Kirszner and Mandell: Gansberg, Martin. “Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didn’t Call the Police.” Patterns for College Writing: A Rhetoric Reader and Guide, Laurie G. Kirszer and Stephen Mandell, 13th, Boston (city optional), Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2015, pp. 128-131.
Essay or introduction written by the editors Kirszner and Mandell Kirszner, Laurie G. and Stephen R. Mandell, eds. “Understanding Argumentation and Persuasion.” Patters for College Writing: A Rhetoric Reader and Guide, 13th ed., Boston, Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2015, pp. 524-525.
For our library Databases EbscoHost and Sirs, you can actually email yourself the citation. Again, you can always cite outside sources by googling KnightCite and submitting all the relevant information.
Here’s how to cite our textbook:
1. Reminder: Here’s how to Cite Our E-Book (notice it’s double spaced)
Javdani, Marie. “Plata o Plomo: Silver or Lead.” The Bedford Reader, edited by X. J. Kennedy, Dorothy M. Kennedy, Jane E.
Aaron, and Ellen Kuhl Repetto, 14th ed., Bedford St. Martins/McMillan, 2020,
www.achieve.macmillanlearning.com/courses/xsuyz3/e-book (Links to an external site.) (just replace article with whatever article you’re citing from).
The Prompts (Choose One Prompt):