Answer one paragraph or two for each essay question. Normal prenatal development

Answer one paragraph or two for each essay question.
Normal prenatal development occurs in 95% to 98% of all pregnancies. Identify two genetic or chromosomal abnormalities AND two teratogens associated with birth defects in the remaining 5% of pregnancies Describe the nature of their effects on development.
Distinguish between cross-sectional and longitudinal research methods. Provide an example of each. Identify at least one advantage and one disadvantage of each type of method.
Write two different vignettes, or brief case studies, each describing an adolescent displaying at least three suicide warning signs. In your vignettes, demonstrate your knowledge of the demographic influences on and the potential risk factors for suicide attempts.
What is the major biological change that women undergo during middle adulthood? Discuss the role of hormone therapy (HT) in this biological change.
How does the reality of late adulthood differ from the stereotypes of aging imparted by Western culture? Make reference to patterns of physical, cognitive, and social development in your answer.
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Describe In detail the id, the ego, and the superego in Freud’s theory of personality. Be sure to mention the guiding principles of the id, the ego, and the superego, the extent to which each of the three processes is conscious, and the point at which each develops during infancy or childhood.
How do the theories of the neo-Freudian psychoanalytic theorists differ from Freud’s pioneering views? Identify two neo-Freudians and describe some of their major contributions to psychological theory
Identify and describe the first three stages of Freud’s theory of psychosexual development and be sure to identify the key developmental task associated with each stage.
Define self-actualization. How is unconditional positive regard critical in supporting an individual’s self-actualization?
Distinguish between self-report, projective, and behavioral assessment measures of personality. What are some criticisms of “projective” tests such as the Rorschach test?.
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1. Explain posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its symptoms. Briefly discuss different kinds of experiences that can cause PTSD.
2. Describe the three phases of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS).
3. In the context of coping with stress, compare avoidant coping and proactive coping. Give examples of each. Briefly explain why avoidant coping is not effective.
4. Describe the hardiness and define resilience. Explain how hardiness and resilience help individuals cope with stress.
5. Describe hypothetical individuals displaying Type A, Type B, and Type D behavior patterns. Discuss the association of Type A and Type D behavior patterns with negative health consequences.
6. Discuss some of the barriers to communication between health-care practitioners and their clients. Review some of the strategies clients might adopt to improve communication with health-care practitioners.
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1. List the positive attributes of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Discuss the limitations of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).
2. Describe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
3. Describe dissociative identity disorder and dissociative amnesia.
4. Describe personality disorder. Review the nature and potential basis of antisocial personality disorder, obsessive compulsive personality disorder, Narcissistic personality disorder. and borderline personality disorder.
5. Discuss how culture affects the prevalence and presentation of psychological disorders.
6. The monozygotic Genain quadruplets are one of the most famous case studies of schizophrenia, as the four sisters had very different outcomes. Myra had one psychotic episode, got married, had a successful career, and was never hospitalized. Nora and Iris were hospitalized repeatedly, never married, and had unstable work histories. Hester showed signs of schizophrenia before her teen years, never graduated from high school, and lived most of her life in hospitals and supervised environments. What would explain why the four girls had some symptoms of schizophrenia but had clear differences in symptom severity?

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