“Both Nelson Mandela, in “I Am Prepared to Die,” and Martin Luther King, in “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” discuss political activism, though the type of activism each man advocates differs
Both Nelson Mandela, in "I Am Prepared to Die," and Martin Luther King, in "Letter from Birmingham Jail," discuss political activism, though the type of activism each man advocates differs. Write a paper in which you analyze the similarities and differences between these two writers' positions concerning political activism. Hint: Consider the relationship between their idealism and the practical methods they advocate in order to achieve their ideals. Using the Paper Plan & Development Strategy from WRITING YOUR SECOND PAPER, you should write an essay that explains their positions and then arrives at a conclusion that is based on your comparative analysis of these essays I. INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH: This introductory paragraph should be about both of the essays that you are analyzing. TOPIC SENTENCE The topic sentence of the introductory paragraph needs to: Introduce both writers’ full names and titles of both of the essays that you are analyzing Make a keyword claim that relates those essays to the assigned topic Use a comparison/contrast transitional device** to explain how the keyword claim you make about the essays is related. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE First Quote Introduce & produce one quote from the FIRST essay to support your topic sentence claim. Explain the connection between the quote and the topic sentence claim. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE Second Quote Introduce & produce a quote from the SECOND essay to support your topic sentence claim. Explain the connection between the quote and the topic sentence keyword claim. Also, you need to use comparison/contrast transitional devices to relate the claims you make about the second essay to the claims you made about the first essay. SUMMARY SENTENCE Summarize, synthesize, & problematize the topic sentence keyword claim CONCLUDING STATEMENT Tell your reader, in a statement of purpose, how you will solve the problem that you set up in the previous sentence. II. FIRST BODY PARAGRAPH: This body paragraph should be about one essay only. TOPIC SENTENCE/TRANSITION A topic/transition sentence links the topic of the previous paragraph to the topic of the new paragraph. To do that, the topic/transition sentence of the first body paragraph needs to include: The keyword claim you made at the end of the introductory paragraph A new topic sentence keyword claim about the first essay A transitional device that links that new keyword claim to the statement you made at the end of the introductory paragraph SUPPORTING EVIDENCE First Quote Introduce & produce one quote from the first essay to support the topic sentence keyword claim of the first body paragraph. Explain the connection between the quote and the topic sentence claim of the first body paragraph. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE Second Quote Introduce & produce another quote from the first essay to support your topic sentence keyword claim. the first essay to support the topic sentence keyword claim of the first body paragraph. Explain the connection between the quote and the topic sentence claim of the first body paragraph. SUMMARY SENTENCE Make a point about the body paragraph topic as it relates to the first essay Focus on the quotes you produced and the points you made in the body of this paragrap Explain how the quotes you produced and the points you made in the body of this paragraph relate to keyword claim that identifies this body paragraph’s topic CONCLUDING STATEMENT Connect the point you made about this body paragraph topic in the summary sentence to your thesis. Incorporate the claim you made in the summary sentence body of this paragraph Explain how that claim relates to your thesis II. SECOND BODY PARAGRAPH: This body paragraph should be about one essay only. TOPIC SENTENCE/TRANSITION: A topic/transition sentence links the topic of the previous paragraph to the topic of the new paragraph. To do that, the topic/transition sentence of the second body paragraph needs to include: The keyword claim you made at the end of the introductory paragraph A new topic sentence keyword claim about the second essay A transitional device that links that new keyword claim to the statement you made at the end of the introductory paragraph A comparison/contrast transitional device to relate this claim to the claims you made about the first essay in the previous body paragraph. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE First Quote Introduce & produce one quote from the second essay to support the topic sentence keyword claim of the second body paragraph. Explain the connection between the quote and the topic sentence claim of the second body paragraph. Use a comparison/contrast transitional device to relate this claim to the claims you made about the first essay in the previous body paragraph. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE Second Quote Introduce & produce another quote from the second essay to support the topic sentence keyword claim of the second body paragraph. Explain the connection between the quote and the topic sentence claim of the second body paragraph. Use a comparison/contrast transitional device to relate this claim to the claims you made about the first essay in the previous body paragraph. SUMMARY SENTENCE Make a point about the body paragraph topic as it relates to the second essay Focus on the quotes you produced and the points you made in the body of this paragraph Explain how the quotes you produced and the points you made in the body of this paragraph relate to keyword claim that identifies this body paragraph’s topic Use a comparison/contrast transitional device to relate this claim to the claims you made about the first essay in the previous body paragraph. CONCLUDING STATEMENT Connect the point you made about the in the summary sentence to your thesis. Incorporate the claim you made in the summary sentence body of this paragraph Explain how that claim relates to your thesis Use a comparison/contrast transitional device to relate this claim to the claims you made about the first essay in the previous body paragraph. IV. CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH: This concluding paragraph should be about both of the essays that you’re analyzing. TOPIC/TRANSITION SENTENCE The topic/transition sentence of the concluding paragraph needs to signal conclusion, and it needs to provide a transition from the previous body paragraph to this concluding paragraph. To do that, the topic/transition sentence of the concluding paragraph needs to include: A transitional device that signals conclusion In conclusion As we have seen Ultimately A restatement of the first point you made in the topic sentence of the introductory paragraph A restatement of the problematized claim you made in the summary sentence of the introductory paragraph SUPPORTING EVIDENCE Restate the point you made in the summary claim of the introductory paragraph. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE: Focusing on the essay you discussed in the first body paragraph, restate the main points you made in that body paragraph. Focusing on the essay you discussed in the second body paragraph, restate the main points you made in that body paragaph SUMMARY CLAIM: In the summary claim of the concluding paragraph, you need to make a general point about the paper topic. To do that, you need to: Use a transitional device that connects this summary claim to your discussion of the two essays This comparative analysis suggests that Relating the views of these two men reveals that Restate the claims you made in your introductory and body paragraphs Replace the names of the writers with the word people CONCLUDING STATEMENT: The concluding statement of this paragraph needs to make an appeal to your reader, telling that reader what to think/do about the point you made in your summary claim. To do that, you need to Use the personal pronoun we Use a transitional device plus a reference to the text that you are analyzing Like King, we should Unlike Machiavelli, we must not As King and Mandela have shown us, we must Use the keyword claims that you have been using throughout your paper.

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