• Main Parts of a Methods Section: Participants:
Instructions: Please turn in only 1 copy of the Methods Section for your entire group with all group members’ names listed. It should be written in APA format and be in FUTURE TENSE. Remember that the purpose of a Methods Section is to provide enough detail that another researcher could replicate your study exactly. • Main Parts of a Methods Section: • Participants: You should always describe your sample beginning by reporting the overall sample size; this is reported by directly stating the value(s) in the text, or by using parentheses and N to signify sample size (N = 122) right after the 1st reference to your sample in the Participants subsection • Demographics: in addition, you should include demographic variables such as sex and age of participants; for the rough draft, provide estimations of this information • Sampling Procedures: you can also choose to report sampling procedures in the Procedures subsection instead of here, it’s simply a matter of what makes the most sense for your specific study • How & where will your participants recruited/chosen? • Random assignment? • Payments/credit for participation? • EX: Below is an example of part of a Participant Section. Please do NOT simply copy this example, your Participant Section should include information relevant to your particular hypothesis. You can only use this example for the formatting and style: • “Participants (N= 50) ranged in from 18-25. 30 (60%) participants were females, while 20 were males (40%). 40 participants were Caucasian, 6 were African American, and 4 other ethnicities. Participants were gathered from a medium-sized private Jesuit university in the Midwest.” • Materials (sometimes called Measures): in this subsection you will include the instruments and/or materials used in the experiment • Surveys/measures include a brief description of your Materials and state that the recording form is listed in the appendix; at the end of your Methods Section, in an appendix, please include a copy of your blank Materials • Procedure: this subsection describes exactly what you did (and what your participants did) throughout the study, usually in chronological order • Allow for Replication: the goal of this subsection is to make it clear enough so that anyone reading your study could replicate exactly what you did just by reading your description • Operational Definitions of ALL Variables: in this section that you will operationally define ALL of your variables; explain what exactly you are observing and how you are calculating/quantifying/ categorizing the behavior being researched; do not leave room for ambiguity • Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria: include exactly what behaviors you will include/exclude in your study • Sampling Procedures: ONLY if you did not specify your sampling procedures in the Participants subsection; it depends on your unique study whether it makes more sense for sampling procedures to appear in the Participants or Procedures subsection of the Methods Section

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *